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Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications , 199, 3, March 30, 1504–1508. Lockwood, K., Moesgaard, S., Yamamoto, T. and Folkers, K., 1995. Progress on therapy of breast cancer with vitamin Q10 and the regression of metastases. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications , 212. 1, 172–177.


209 Gerhard Schrauzer, Ph. D., of the University of California cited in Better Nutrition , Nov, 1989, v 51, no. 11, p. 14 (2).


210 Redbook. , April, 1989, v 172, n 6, p. 96 (5).


211 Spallholz, J. E., Stewart, J. R., 1989. Advances in the role of minerals in immunobiology. Center for Food and Nutrition, Texas Tech University, Lubbock 79409. Biol Trace Elem Res. Mar , 19 (3) pp. 129–151.


212 Archives of Environmental Health, September/October 1976.


213 Knekt, Paul, and others, 1988. Selenium Deficiency and Increased Risk of Lung Cancer. Abstract of paper read at the Fourth International Symposium on Selenium in Biology and Medicine, Tubingen, West Germany, July.


214 Reinhold, U., and others, 1988. Selenium deficiency and Lethal Skin cancer. Abstract of paper read at the Fourth International Symposium on Selenium in Biology and Medicine, Tubingen, West Germany, July.


215 Lockwood, K., Moesgaard, S., Hanioka, T., and Folkers, K., 1994. Apparent partial remission of breast cancer in 'high risk' patients supplemented with nutritional antioxidants, essential fatty acids and coenzyme Q10. Mol Aspects Med , 15, Suppls., 231–240. See also: Lockwood, K., Moesgaard, S. and Folkers, K., 1994. Partial and complete regression of breast cancer in patients in relation to dosage of coenzyme Q10. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications , 199, 3, 30 March, 1504–1508. See also: Lockwood, K., Moesgaard, S, Yamamoto, T. and Folkers, K., 1995. Progress on therapy of breast cancer with vitamin Q10 and the regression of metastases. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications , 212, 1, 172–177.


216 Следуйте инструкциям производителя и не превышайте рекомендуемую дозу.


217 Monographs on the Evaluation of the Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man, 1982. Geneva: World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1972 – present. (Multivolume work). V29, p. 282. See also Osihi, Shinshi, 1990. Effects of phthalic acid esters on testicular mitochondrial functions in the rat Archives of Toxicology , March, V64 n 2, p. 143 (5).


218 Holland, J. C., 1996. Cancer's Psychological Challenges. Scientific American , Special Issue, What you need to know about Cancer, September, 275, 3, 158–161.


219 Когнитивная терапия – одно из направлений в психотерапии, опирающееся на положение об определяющей роли познавательных процессов (и в первую очередь мышления) в возникновении различного рода психологических проблем и психических отклонений (например, депрессии); бихевиористика – наука о поведении человека. – Примеч. ред.


220 Heason, P., Deep Relaxation available from 37 Tollerton Lane, Tollerton, Nottingham.


221 Based on Holland, J. C., 1996. Cancer's Psychological Challenges. Scientific American , Special Issue, What you need to know about Cancer, September, 275, 3, 158–161.


222 Trichopoulos, Dimitrios, Li, Frederick, P. and Hunter, David J., 1996. What Causes Cancer? Scientific American , Special Issue, What you need to know about Cancer, September, 275, 3, 80–85.


223 Levy, Len, 1998, Biomed II: Exposure to low-level benzene, p. 76. In: Institute for Environment and Health , Annual Report. 100 pp.


224 Pearson, J. K., 2000. The Air Quality Challenge , American Society of Automotive Engineers and HMSO.


225 Лав Кэнел (Love Canal ) – построенное на месте бывшей химической свалки поселение, где обнаружилась повышенная частота врожденных дефектов и хромосомных аномалий; Бхопал – индийский город, в котором в результате аварийного выброса на химическом заводе компании Union Carbide в 1984 году погибло около 3 тысяч человек (и еще около 15 тысяч в последующие годы); Севезо – город на севере Италии, где в 1976 году на заводе ICMESA Женевской косметической фирмы Givaudan произошла взрывоподобная утечка химикатов, что вызвало необходимость массовой эвакуации жителей. – Примеч. ред.


226 North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, 1988. International Toxicity Equivalency Factor (I-TEF) method of risk assessment for complex mixtures of dioxins and related compounds. Pilot study on international information exchange on dioxins and related compounds. CCMS Report Number 176, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC, USA. Department of Health, 1995. Statement by the Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals in Food, Consumer Products and the Environment on the US EPA draft, health assessment document for 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds. Dept of Health, London.


227 Хлоракне – угреподобное поражение кожи, возникающее после длительного контакта с хлорированными углеводами. – Примеч. ред.


228 EPA Dioxin Reassessment Summary, 1994 4/94 – Vol. 1, CERI/ORD Publication Centre, USEPA.


229 MAFF, 1997. Dioxins and PCBs in retail cows' milk in England. Food Surveillance No. 136, December, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London.


230 Tanabe, S., 1988. PCB Problems in the Future: Foresight from Current Knowledge. Environmental Pollution , 50, 5-28.


231 Department of the Environment, 1989. Dioxins in the Environment Pollution Paper , No. 27, HMSO, London.


232 MAFF, 1997. Dioxins and Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Fish Oil Dietary Supplements and Licensed Medicines. Food Surveillance Information Sheet , № 106, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London.


233 MAFF, 1996. Dioxins In Human Milk. Food Surveillance Information Sheet , № 88, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London.


234 MAFF, 1996. Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Food – UK Dietary Intakes. Food Surveillance Information Sheet , № 89, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London.


235 Environmental Endocrine Disruptors: A Handbook of Property Data, John Wiley and Sons.


236 Shin, R. J. and others, 1999. Development of a bioassay system for identification of Endocrine Disrupters. Proc. 2nd Intern. Symp. On Advanced Env. Monitoring, Kwangju, Korea.


237 Soto, A. M. and others, 1992. An in culture bioassay to assess the estrogenicity of xenobiotics. In: Chemically-induced alterations in sexual and functional development. The wildlife/ human connection . Vol. 21, Colborn T. C, Clement ed., Princeton Scientific Publishing, 295–309. See also: Soto, A. M. and others, 1995. The E-SCREEN assay as a tool to Identify estrogens: An update on estrogenic environmental pollutants. In: Estrogens in the Environment, Environmental Health Perspectives , 113–122.


238 Davis, Devra Lee, Axelrod, Deborah, Osborne, Michael P. and Telang, Nitin T., 1997. Environmental influences on Breast Cancer Risk, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC, USA, Science and Medicine . May/June.


239 Colborn, T., Dumanoski, D. and Myers, J. P., 1996. Our Stolen Futures , Dutton, Penguin Books, USA.


240 Dyson, T., 1999. Prospects for feeding the world. British Medical Journal , 319, 988–991.


241 Reuters, 8 October 1998.


242 McMurry, Laura M., Oethinger, Margaret, Levy, Stuart B., 1998. Triclosan targets lipid synthesis. Nature , 394, 6693, 531–532.


243 Trichopoulos, Dimitrios, Li, Frederick, P. and Hunter, David J, 1996. What Causes Cancer? Scientific American , Special Issue, What you need to know about Cancer, September, 275, 3, 80–85.


244 Campbell, T. C. and Junshi, C., 1994. Diet and chronic degenerative disease perspectives from China. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 59, Suppl., 11 535-11 615.


245 Инвазивная процедура (от invado – «вхожу внутрь») – медицинская процедура, связанная с проникновением через естественные внешние барьеры организма (кожа, слизистые оболочки). Примером простейшей инвазивной процедуры является любая инъекция, самой сложной – хирургическая операция. Инвазивные процедуры могут применяться также для диагностики. – Примеч. ред.


246 Packham, D. E., 1999. Impacts of Commercialisation and Privatisation on Capabilities for Scientific Advice, Oracles or Scapegoats? IPMS Conference notes. October.


247 Packham, D. E., 1999. Impacts of Commercialisation and Privatisation on Capabilities for Scientific Advice, Oracles or Scapegoats? IPMS Conference notes, October.


248 Association of University Teachers. Efficiency Gains or Quality Losses? 1996 (Based on DfEE and Welsh Office figures).


249 Bok, D., 1990. In: Universities and the Future of America , Duke University Press, Durham NC.


250 Glantz, S. A., 1996. Times Higher Education Supplement , 6 September, p. 15. and Glantz, S. A., Slade, J., Bero, L. A., Hanauer, P. and Barnes, D. E., 1996. The Cigarette Papers , University of California Press.


251 Packham, D. E., 1999. Impacts of Commercialisation and Privatisation on Capabilities for Scientific Advice, Oracles or Scapegoats? IPMS Conference notes, October. See also: Packham, David and Tasker, Mary, 1997. Industry and the academy – a Faustian contract. Industry and Higher Education , April, 85–90.


252 Packham, D. E., 1999. Impacts of Commercialisation and Privatisation on Capabilities for Scientific Advice, Oracles or Scapegoats? IPMS Conference notes, October. See also: Packham, David and Tasker, Mary, 1997. Industry and the academy– a Faustian contract. Industry and Higher Education , April, 85–90.


253 Jasanoff, S., 1997. Civilization and madness: the great BSE scare of 1996. Public Understand. Sci . 6, 221–232.


254 McMichael, A. J. and Powles, J. W., 1999. Human numbers, environment, sustainability and health. British Medical Journal , 319, 9 October, 977–980.


255 www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002919.htm


256 McKenna, Claire, 2002. UK has highest reduction in deaths from lung and breast cancer. BMJ , 325, 63.


257 Irwig, Les, 2006. Evaluating new screening tests for breast cancer. BMJ , 332, 678–679.


258 Anon, 2006. Screening for breast cancer. BMJ , 332, 499–500.


259 www.nlm.nih.gov/medineplus/ency/article/002919.htm


260 e. g. Baum, M., 2000. Survival and reduction in mortality from breast cancer – Impact of mammographic screening is hot clear (Letter). BMJ , 321, 1470.


261 Spurgeon, David, 2002. Annual mammography in women in their 40s does not cut death rate. BMJ , 325, 563.


262 Spurgeon, David, 2002. Annual mammography in women in their 40s does not cut death rate. BMJ , 325, 563.


263 Josefson, Deborah, 2002. Breast self-examination does not improve cancer survival. BMJ , 325, 793.


264 Zackrisson S. and others, 2006. Rare of over-diagnosis of breast cancer 15 years after end of Malmo mammographic screening trial; follow up study. BMJ , 332, 689–692.


265 Anon, 2006. Screening for breast cancer. BMJ , 332, 499–500.


266 Symonds, R. Paul, 2002. Cancer biology may be more important than diagnostic delay. BMJ , 325, 774.


267 Spurgeon, David, 2002. Annual mammography in women in their 40s does not cut death rate. BMJ , 325, 563.


268 www.cancerscreening.nhs.uk/breastscreen


269 White, Caroline, 2002. 'Unacceptable' errors found in breast screening process. BMJ , 324, 933.


270 UK National Radiological Protection Board, www.nrpb.org/radiation_topics/risks/exposure.htm


271 Irwig, Les, 2006. Evaluating new screening tests for breast cancer. BMJ , 332, 678–679.


272 Гистерэктомия (hysterectomy ) – хирургическое удаление матки. – Примеч. ред.


273 www.well-connected.com/rreports/doc06full.html


274 www.well-connected.con'i/rreports/doc06full.html


275 Keyomarsi, K., Tucker, S. L., Buchholz, T. A., Callister, M., Ding, Y., Hortobagyi, G. N., Bedrosian, I. Knickerbocker, C., Toyofuku, W., Lowe, M., Herliczek, T. W., and Bacus, S. S., 2002. Cyclin E and Survival in Patients with Breast Cancer. N. Engl. J. Med. , 347, 1566–1575.


276 Yancik, R. and Ries, L. A., 1994. Cancer in older persons. Magnitude of the problem – how do we apply what we know? Cancer , 74 (7 Suppl), 1995–2003.


277 Silliman, R. A. and Baeke, P., 1998. Breast cancer in the older woman. In: Balducci, L., Ersher, W. B. and Lyman, G. H., Comprehensive geriatric oncology . Amsterdam: Harwood.


278 Welch, H. G., Albertson, F. C., Nease, R. F., Bubolz, T. A. and Wasson, J. H., 1996. Estimating treatment benefits for the elderly: the effect of competing risks. Ann Intern Med , 124, 577–584.


279 Holmes, F. F., 1994. Clinical course of cancer in the elderly. Cancer Control , 1, 108–114.


280 Nixon, A. J., Neuberg, D., Hayes, D. F., Gelman, R., Connolly, J. L., Schnitt, S. and others, 1994. Relationship of patient age to pathological features of the tumor and prognosis for patients with stage I or II breast cancer. J. Clin. Oncol. , 12, 888–894.


281 Balducci, Lodovico and Phillips, D. Melissa. 1998. Breast cancer in older women. American Family Physician . October 1, 1998. www.aafp.org/afp/981001ap/balducci.html


282 www.well-connected.com/rreports/doc06full.html


283 Medical Report: Prostate Cancer. ICON , 2002, 1 (5), 8–10.


284 Waxman, Jonathan, 2001. The Prostate Cancer Book . London: Vermillion.


285 http://www.nccn.org/paticnt_gls/_english/_prostate/


286 http://www.nccn.org/patient_gls/_english/_prostate/


287 Hart, D. and Wall, 2004. UK population dose from medical examinations. European Journal of Radiology , 50 (3), 285–291, Brenner, D. I. and others, 2001. CT scanning of children has been calculated 10 increase their lifetime risk of cancer. American Journal of Roentology , 176, 289–296.


288 http://www.nccn.org/patient_gls/_english/_prostate/


289 http://www.cancer.org


290 Spurgeon, David, 2003. Advanced scanning techniques help doctors stage prostate cancer. BMJ , 326, 1418.


291 New England Journal of Medicine, 2003, 348, 2491–2499.


292 http://www.nccn.org/patient_gls/_english/_prostate/


293 Fisher, B. and others, 2002. Twenty year follow-up of a randomised trial comparing total mastectomy, lumpectomy and lumpectomy plus irradiation for the treatment of invasive breast cancer. New England Journal of Medicine , 347 (16), 1233–1241.


294 Fisher, B., Bryant, J., Dignam, J. J., Wickerham, D. L., Mamounas, E. F., Fisher, E. R., Margolese, KG., Nesbitt, L., Paik, S., Pisansky, T. M., Wolmark, N., 2002. Tamoxifen, radiation therapy, or both for prevention of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence after lumpectomy in women with invasive breast cancers of one centimeter or less. J. Clin. Oncol. , 20 (20), 4141–4149; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov;80


295 Fisher, B., Anderson, S., Bryant, J., Margolese, R. G., Deutsch, M., Fisher, E. R., Jeong, J. H. and Wolmark, N., 2002. Twenty-year follow-up of a randomised trial comparing total mastectomy, lumpectomy, and lumpectomy plus irradiation for the treatment of invasive breast cancer. N. Engl. J. Med. , 347 (16), 1233–1241; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov;80


296 Gottlieb, Scott. Lumpectomy is as effective as mastectomy for breast cancer. BMJ , 325, 921.


297 www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002919.htm


298 www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002919.htm


299 www.cancer.org/docroot/cri/content/cri_2_6x_breast_reconstruction_after_mastectomy_5.asp


300 Bartelinkh and others, 2001. Recurrence rates after treatment of breast cancer with standard radiotherapy with or without additional radiation. New England J. Med. , 345 (19), 1378–1387.


301 http://cis.nci.nih.gov/fact/7_16.htm


302 Morrow, Monica and Gradishar, William, 2002. Recent Development: Breast Cancer. BMJ , 324, 410–414.


303 Coombes, R. C. and others, 2006. American Society of Clinical Oncology, Annual Meeting, Atlanta Georgia, June 2006.


304 Gralow, Julie R., 2002. Bisphosphonates as adjuvant treatment for breast cancer. BMJ , 325, 1051–1052.


305 www.gene.com/gene/products/information/oncology/herceptin; www.herceptin.com/herceptin/physician/pi.htm


306 www.herceptin.com/herceptin/physician/pi.htm


307 Anon, 2006. Patient is to appeal High Court ruling on breast cancer drug. BMJ , 332–443.


308 Barrett, A. and others, 2006. How much will herceptin really cost? BMJ , 333, 1118–1120.


309 Daily Mail , Monday, 9 October, 2006.


310 www.ahrq.gov/news/press/pr2002/brchempr.htm


311 www.ahrq.gov/news/press/pr2002/brchempr.htm


312 http://cis.nci.nih.gov/fact/7_16.htm


313 Gottlieb, Scott, 2002. Tamoxifen may increase risk of uterine sarcoma, BMJ , 325, 7.


314 http://cis.nci.nih.gov/fact/7_16.htm


315 Mayor, Susan, 2002. Anastrozole shows promise for early breast cancer. BMJ , 324, 1539


316 www.gene.com/gene/products/information/oncology/herceptin; www.herceptin.com/herceptin/physician/pi.htm


317 http://cis.nci.nih.gov/fact/7_45.htm


318 New Scientist , 20 January, 2007.


319 Editorial, New Scientist , 31 March, 2007.


320 Josefson, Deborah, 2002. Doctors warned to be wary of new drugs. BMJ , 324, 1113.


321 Garattini, Silvio and Bertele, Vittorio, 2002. Efficacy, safety, and cost of new anticancer drugs. BMJ , 325, 269–271.


322 www.cancer.gov


323 Modified after: Chemotherapy and You: A Guide to Self-Help During Cancer Treatment. Information about what to expect during chemotherapy and what patients can do to take care of themselves during and after treatment NIH Publication #991136: www.cancer.gov/cancerinfo/chemorherapy-and-you


324 Smith, I. and Chue, S., 2006. Medical treatment of early breast cancer. BMJ , 332, 162–181.


325 Allison, R. and others, 2006. Photodiagnosis and photodynamic therapy, 3, 139–146.


326 Fritsch, C. and Ruzika, T., 2003. Fluorescence diagnosis and photodynamic therapy of skin diseases atlas and handbook. Vien: Springer-Verlag.


327 Абляция (лат. ablatio – отнятие) – специфическое хирургическое вмешательство; абляция подразумевает под собой выжигание или выпаривание дисфункциональной или патологически измененной ткани с использованием лазера, радиочастотного аппарата, тока или химии; также данная операция может проводиться классическим хирургическим вмешательством. – Примеч. ред.

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