Точки соприкосновения и расхождения между психоанализом и теорией привязанности



Скачать 351.9 Kb.
страница3/3
Дата21.05.2016
Размер351.9 Kb.
1   2   3

Выводы


Теория привязанности и психоаналитическая теория имеют общие корни, но развивались различными эпистемологическими путями. Теория привязанности, более близкая к эмпирической психологии с ее позитивистским наследием, за последние 15 лет выработала свой собственный метод. Областью его применения были отношения, включающие диаду обеспечивающего заботу и получающего ее. Для изучения определенных групп и форм поведения также использовались такие методы, как наблюдение в незнакомой ситуации, а также интервью привязанности взрослого. Это лишило теорию привязанности ряда идей, которые развивались в клиническом психоанализе, особенно в контексте клинической работы с серьезно нарушенными индивидами, страдающими хроническими личностными расстройствами.

Психоаналитические идеи редко принимались во внимание исследователями привязанности, и наоборот, парадигмы теории привязанности, как казалось, не могла извлечь пользу из клинических открытий психоаналитиков. Далее, оба корпуса знаний движутся к одному, возможно, еще далекому конечному пункту: пониманию личности и личностных расстройств с точки зрения развития. В данной статье была предпринята попытка показать, что различия, устанавливаемые теоретиками привязанности, часто оказываются тесно связанными с различиями, существующими в отдельных психоаналитических традициях. С какими-то психоаналитическими теориями теория привязанности может иметь много общего, но это не значит, что даже "дальняя родственница" теории привязанности (современная теория Кляйн) не включает в себя схожие основания, хотя и иначе от них отталкивается./p>

Есть ряд областей знакомых клиническим психоаналитикам, в которые теория привязанности еще не решалась углубляться. Обе традиции могут значительно обогатить друг друга, если обе традиции вступят в дискуссию друг с другом. Это позволит высветить области, где методология теории привязанности может быть применена для исследования психоаналитической работы. Например, статус привязанности может использоваться в качестве средства измерения результата психоаналитической терапии. Фокус исследования привязанности помимо прочего может быть связан с инкорпорированием идей, стоящих за его традиционной областью социального развития в контексте диады.

Литература:


Auerbach, J. S. (1993). The origins of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: A theoretical and empirical reformulation. In J. M. Masling & R. F. Bornstein (Eds.), Psychoanalytic Perspectives on Psychopathology (pp. 43-110). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

________ & Blatt, S. J. (1996). Self-representation in severe psychopathology: The role of reflexive self-awareness. Psychoanalytic psychology, 13, 297-341.

Balint, M. (1952). On love and hate. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 33, 355-362.

________ (1959). Thrills and regressions. London: Hogarth Press.

Bion, W. R. (1959). Attacks on linking. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 40, 308-315.

________ (1962a). Learning from Experience. London: Heinemann.

________ (1962b). A theory of thinking. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 43, 306-310.

________ (1967). Second Thoughts. London: Heinemann.

Bolton, D., & Hill, J. (1996). Mind, meaning and mental disorder. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bowlby, J. (1946). Fourty-four Juvenile Thieves: Their Character and Homelife. London: Balliere, Tyndall and Cox.

________ (1958). The nature of the child's tie to his mother. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 39, 350-373.

________ (1960). Grief and mourning in infancy and early childhood. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 15, 3-39.

________ (1969). Attachment and Loss, Vol. 1: Attachment. London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis.

________ (1973). Attachment and Loss, Vol. 2: Separation: Anxiety and Anger. London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis.

________ (1977). The making and breaking of affectional bonds II: Some principles of psychotherapy. British Journal of Psychiatry, 130, 421-431.

________ (1980a). Attachment and Loss, Vol. 3: Loss: Sadness and Depression. London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis.

________ (1980b). Epilogue. In C. M. Parks & J. Stevenson-Hinde (Eds.), The Place of Attachment in Human Behaviour (pp. 301-312). New York: Basic Books.

Bretherton, I. (1987). New perspectives on attachment relationships: Security, communication and internal working models. In J. D. Osofsky (Ed.), Handbook of Infant Development (pp. 1061-1100). New York: Wiley.

________ (1995). Internal working models: Cognitive and affective aspects of attachment representations. In D.Cicchetti & S.Toth (Eds.), 4th Rochester Symposium on Developmental Psychopathology on 'Emotion, Cognition, and Representation' . Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

________ Bates, E., Benigni, L., Camaioni, L., & Volterra, V. (1979). Relationships between cognition, communication, and quality of attachment. In E. Bates, L. Benigni, I. Bretherton, L. Camaioni, & V. Volterra (Eds.), The emergence of symbols. . New York: Academic Press.

Bucci, W. (1997). Psychoanalysis and Cognitive Science: A Multiple Code Theory. New York: Guilford Press.

Busch, F. (1995). Do actions speak louder than words? A query into an enigma in analytic theory and technique. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 43, 61-82.

Carlsson, E., & Sroufe, L. A. (1995). Contribution of attachment theory to developmental psychopathology. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental Psychopathology. Vol. 1: Theory and Methods (pp. 581-617). New York: Wiley.

Carlsson, V., Cicchetti, D., Barnett, D., & Braunwald, K. (1989). Disorganised/disoriented attachment relationships in maltreated infants. Developmental Psychology, 25, 525-531.

Cassidy, J. (1994). Emotion Regulation: Influences of Attachment Relationships. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), The development of attachment regulation. Monograph of the Society for Research in Child Development (Serial No 240) (pp. 228-249).

Cassidy, J., Marvin, R. S., & The MacArthur Working Group on Attachment. (1989). Attachment Organization in Three and Four Year Olds: Coding Guidelines. .

Crittenden, P. M. (1990). Internal representational models of attachment relationships. Journal of Infant Mental Health, 11, 259-277.

De Wolff, M. S., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (1997). Sensitivity and attachment: A meta-analysis on parental antecedents of infant attachment. Child Development, 68, 571-591.

Dunn, J. (1996). The Emanuel Miller Memorial Lecture 1995. Children's relationships: Bridging the divide between cognitive and social development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, 507-518.

Eagle, M. (1995). The developmental perspectives of attachment and psychoanalytic theory. In S. Goldberg, R. Muir, & J. Kerr (Eds.), Attachment theory: Social, developmental and clinical perspectives (pp. 123-150). New York: Analytic Press.

________ (1997). Attachment and psychoanalysis. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 70, 217-229.

Engel, G. L. (1971). Attachment behaviour, object relations and the dynamic point of view. A critical review of Bowlby's Attachment and Loss. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 52, 183-196.

Erikson, E. H. (1950). Childhood and Society. New York: Norton.

________ (1959). Identity and the Life Cycle. New York: International Universities Press.

________ (1964). Insight and Responsibility. New York: WW Norton & Co. Inc.

________ (1968). Identity, Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton.

Fairbairn, W. R. D. (1952). An Object-Relations Theory of the Personality. New York: Basic Books.

Ferenczi, S. (1933). A confusion of tongues between adults and the child, Final Contributions to the Problems and Methods of Psychoanalysis (pp. 156-167). London: Hogarth Press.

Fonagy, P. (1982). Psychoanalysis and empirical science. International Review of Psychoanalysis, 9, 125-145.

________ Leigh, T., Steele, M., Steele, H., Kennedy, R., Mattoon, G., Target, M., & Gerber, A. (1996). The relation of attachment status, psychiatric classification, and response to psychotherapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 64, 22-31.

________ Redfern, S., & Charman, T. (1997a). The relationship between belief-desire reasoning and a projective measure of attachment security (SAT). British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 15, 51-61.

________ Steele, H., Moran, G., Steele, M., & Higgitt, A. (1991). The capacity for understanding mental states: the reflective self in parent and child and its significance for security of attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 13, 200-217.

________ Steele, H., Steele, M., & Holder, J. (submitted). Quality of attachment to mother at 1 year predicts belief-desire reasoning at 5 years. Child Development.

________ Steele, M., Steele, H., Leigh, T., Kennedy, R., Mattoon, G., & Target, M. (1995a). Attachment, the reflective self, and borderline states: The predictive specificity of the Adult Attachment Interview and pathological emotional development. In S. Goldberg, R. Muir, & J. Kerr (Eds.), Attachment theory: Social, developmental and clinical perspectives (pp. 233-278). New York: Analytic Press.

________ Steele, M., Steele, H., Leigh, T., Kennedy, R., Mattoon, G., & Target, M. (1995b). The predictive validity of Mary Main's Adult Attachment Interview: A psychoanalytic and developmental perspective on the transgenerational transmission of attachment and borderline states. In S. Goldberg, R. Muir, & J. Kerr (Eds.), Attachment Theory: Social, Developmental and Clinical Perspectives (pp. 233-278). Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

________ & Target, M. (1997). Attachment and reflective function: Their role in self-organization. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 679-700.

________ Target, M., Steele, M., Steele, H., Leigh, T., Levinson, A., & Kennedy, R. (1997b). Crime and attachment: Morality, disruptive behaviour, borderline personality disorder, crime and their relationship to security of attachment. In L. Atkinson & K. J. Zucker (Eds.), Attachment and Psychopathology (pp. 223-274). New York: Guilford Press.

Fraiberg, S. (1982). Pathological defenses in infancy. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 51, 612-635.

Freud, A. (1936). The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defence. New York: International Universities Press, 1946.

________ (1941-1945). Reports on the Hampstead Nurseries, The writings of Anna Freud . New York: International Universities Press, 1974.

________ (1954). The widening scope of indications for psychoanalysis: discussion. Journal of the American Psychoanalytical Association, 2, 607-620.

________ (1955). The concept of the rejecting mother, The Writings of Anna Freud (pp. 586-602). New York: International University Press, 1968.

________ (1960). Discussion of Dr.Bowlby's paper (Grief and mourning in infancy and early childhood), The Writings of Anna Freud (pp. 167-186). New York: International University Press, 1969.

________ (1965). Normality and pathology in childhood. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

________ & Burlingham, D. (1944). Infants Without Families. New York: International Universities Press.

Freud, S. (1900). The interpretation of dreams. In J.Strachey (Ed.), The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 4,5, pp. 1-715). London: Hogarth Press.

________ (1911). Formulations on the two principles of mental functioning. In J.Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (pp. 67-104). London: Hogarth Press.

________ (1917). Introductory lectures on psycho-analysis: Part III, General Theory of the Neuroses. In J. Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 16, pp. 243-463). London: Hogarth Press.

________ (1923). The ego and the id. In J.Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 19, pp. 1-59). London: Hogarth Press.

________ (1926). Inhibitions, symptoms and anxiety. In J.Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 20, pp. 77-172). London: Hogarth Press.

________ (1931). Female sexuality. In J.Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 21, pp. 221-246). London: Hogarth Press.

________ (1939). Moses and monotheism. In J.Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 23, pp. 3-137). London: Hogarth Press.

Frosch, A. (1995). The preconceptual organization of emotion. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 43, 423-447.

Gergely, G. (1992). Developmental reconstructions: Infancy from the point of view of psychoanalysis and developmental psychology. Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Thought, 14, 3-55.

________ (submitted). Reapproaching Mahler: New perspectives on normal autism, normal symbiosis, splitting and libidinal object constancy from cognitive developmental theory. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association.

________ & Watson, J. (1996). The social biofeedback model of parental affect-mirroring. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 77, 1181-1212.

Green, A. (1975). The analyst, symbolisation and absence in the analytic setting: On changes in analytic practice and analytic experience. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 56, 1-22.

Greenacre, P. (1952). Pregenital patterning. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 33, 410-415.

Grosskruth, P. (1986). Melanie Klein: Her world and her work. New York: Knopf.

Guntrip, H. (1961). Personality Structure and Human Interaction. New York: International University Press.

Hamilton, V. (1996). The analyst's preconscious. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

Hanley, C. (1978). A critical consideration of Bowlby's ethological theory of anxiety. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 47, 364-380.

Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of Delinquency. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Holmes, J. (1993). John Bowlby and attachment theory. London: Routledge.

________ (1997). Attachment, autonomy, intimacy: Some clinical implications of attachment theory. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 70, 231-248.

Isabella, R., & Belsky, J. (1991a). Interactional synchrony and the origins of infant-mother attachment: A replication study. Child Development, 62, 373-384.

________ & Belsky, J. (1991b). Interactional synchrony and the origins of mother-infant attachment: A replication study. Child Development, 62, 373-384.

Jacobson, E. (1954). The self and the object world: Vicissitudes of their infantile cathexes and their influence on ideational affective development. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 9, 75-127.

________ (1964). The self and the object world. New York: International Universities Press.

Kernberg, O. F. (1975). Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism. New York: Aronson.

________ (1976a). Object Relations Theory and Clinical Psychoanalysis. New York: Aronson.

________ (1976b). Technical considerations in the treatment of borderline personality organisation. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 24, 795-829.

________ (1977). The structural diagnosis of borderline personality organization. In P.Hartocollis (Ed.), Borderline personality disorders: The concept, the syndrome, the patient (pp. 87-121). New York: International Universities Press.

Klein, M. (1929). Infantile anxiety-situations reflected in a work of art and in the creative impulse, Contributions to Psychoanalysis, 1921-1945 . New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964.

________ (1935). A contribution to the psychogenesis of manic-depressive states, The writings of Melanie Klein (pp. 236-289). London: Hogarth Press,1975.

________ (1945). The Oedipus complex in the light of early anxieties, The Writings of Melanie Klein (pp. 370-419). London: Hogarth Press (1975).

________ (1981). On Mahler's autistic and symbiotic phases: An exposition and evaluation. Psychoanalysis and Contemporary Thought, 4, 69-105.

Kohut, H. (1971). The analysis of the self. New York: International Universities Press.

________ (1977). The restoration of the self. New York: International Universities Press.

________ & Wolf, E. S. (1978). The disorders of the self and their treatment: An outline. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 59, 413-425.

Lichtenberg, J. (1989). Psychoanalysis and Motivation. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Analytic Press.

________ (1995). Can empirical studies of development impact on psychoanalytic theory and technique? In T. Shapiro & R. N. Emde (Eds.), Research in Psychoanalysis: Process, Development, Outcome (pp. 261-276). New York: International Universities Press.

Luquet, P. (1981). Le changement dans la mentalisation. Revue Francais de Psychoanalyse, 45, 1023-1028.

________ (1987). Penser-Parler: Un apport psychanalytique a la theorie du langage. In R.Christie, M.M.Christie-Luterbacher, & P.Luquet (Eds.), La Parole Troublee (pp. 161-300). Paris: Presses Universitaire de France.

________ (1988). Langage, pensee et structure psychique. Revue Francais de Psychoanalyse, 52, 267-302.

Mahler, M. S., Pine, F., & Bergman, A. (1975). The psychological birth of the human infant: symbiosis and individuation. New York: Basic Books.

Main, M. (1991). Metacognitive knowledge, metacognitive monitoring, and singular (coherent) vs. multiple (incoherent) model of attachment: Findings and directions for future research. In C. M. Parkes, J. Stevenson-Hinde, & P. Marris (Eds.), Attachment Across the Life Cycle (pp. 127-159). London: Tavistock/Routledge.

________ & Cassidy, J. (1988). Categories of response to reunion with the parent at age 6: Predictable from infant attachment classifications and stable over a 1-month period. Developmental Psychology, 24, 415-426.

________ & Goldwyn, R. (1995). Adult attachment classification system. In M. Main (Ed.), Behavior and the Development of Representational Models of Attachment: Five Methods of Assessment : Cambridge University Press.

________ & Goldwyn, R. (in preparation). Adult attachment rating and classification systems. In M. Main (Ed.), A Typology of Human Attachment Organization Assessed in Discourse, Drawings and Interviews (Working Title) . New York: Cambridge University Press.

________ & Hesse, E. (1990). Parents' unresolved traumatic experiences are related to infant disorganized attachment status: Is frightened and/or frightening parental behavior the linking mechanism? In M.Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E.M.Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research and intervention (pp. 161-182). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

________ Kaplan, N., & Cassidy, J. (1985). Security in infancy, childhood and adulthood: A move to the level of representation. In I. Bretherton & E. Waters (Eds.), Growing Points of Attachment Theory and Research. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development (Vol. 50, pp. 66-104). Chicago: Chicago University Press.

________ & Solomon, J. (1990). Procedures for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. In D. C. M.Greenberg & E.M.Cummings (Eds.), Attachment during the preschool years: Theory, research and intervention (pp. 121-160). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Malatesta, C. Z., Grigoryev, P., Lamb, C., Albin, M., & Culver, C. (1986). Emotional socialisation and expressive development in pre-term and full-term infants. Child Development, 57, 316-330.

Marty, P. (1968). A major process of somatization: The progressive disorganization. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 49, 246-249.

________ (1990). La Psychosomatique de l'Adulte. Paris: Presses Universitaire de France.

________ (1991). Mentalisation et Psychosamatique. Paris: Laboratoire Delagrange.

Masson, J. (1984). The assault on truth: Freud's suppression of the Seduction Theory. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

McDougall, J. (1978). Plea for a Measure of Abnormality. New York: International Universities Press.

Meins, E., & Russell, J. (in press). Security and symbolic play: The relation between security of attachment and executive capacity. British Journal of Developmental Psychology.

Modell, A. (1975). A narcissistic defense against affects and the illusion of self-sufficiency. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 56, 275-282.

________ (1984). Psychoanalysis in a new context. New York: International Universities Press.

Morgan, A. C. (in press). Moving along to things left undone. Journal of Infant Mental Health.

Morton, J., & Frith, U. (1995). Causal modeling: A structural approach to developmental psychology. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology. Vol. 1: Theory and methods (pp. 357-390). New York: John Wiley.

Moss, E., Parent, S., & Gosselin, C. (1995). Attachment and theory of mind: Cognitive and metacognitive correlates of attachment during the preschool period. Paper presented at the the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Indianapolis, Indiana, March-April.

Patrick, M., Hobson, R. P., Castle, D., Howard, R., & Maughan, B. (1994). Personality disorder and the mental representation of early social experience. Developmental Psychopathology, 6, 375-388.

Perry, B. (1997). Incubated in terror: Neurodevelopmental factors in the "cycle of violence". In J. Osofsky (Ed.), Children in a Violent Society (pp. 124-149). New York, N.Y.: Guilford Press.

Quinodox, J. M. (1991). Accepting fusion to get over it. Review Francais de Psychoanalyse, 55, 1697-1700.

Radke-Yarrow, M., Cummings, E. M., Kuczynski, L., & Chapman, M. (1985). Patterns of attachment in two- and three-year-olds in normal families and families with parental depression. Child Development, 56, 884-893.

Rochlin, G. (1971). Review of Bowlby, J., Attachment and Loss. : Attachment. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 50, 504-506.

Rodning, C., Beckwith, L., & Howard, J. (1991). Quality of attachment and home environment in children prenatally exposed to PCP and cocaine. Development and Psychopathology, 3, 351-366.

Roiphe, H. (1976). Review of J Bowlby, Attachment and Loss. II: Separation, Anxiety and Anger. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 65, 307-309.

Rosenfeld, H. (1964). On the psychopathology of narcissism: A clinical approach. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 45, 332-337.

________ (1971a). A clinical approach to the psychoanalytic theory of the life and death instincts: an investigation into to the aggressive aspects of narcissism. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 52, 169-178.

________ (1971b). Contribution to the psychopathology of psychotic states: The importance of projective identification in the ego structure and object relations of the psychotic patient. In E. B. Spillius (Ed.), Melanie Klein today (pp. 117-137). London: Routledge, 1988.

Sander, L. (in press). Interventions that effect therapeutic change. Journal of Infant Mental Health.

Sandler, J. (1960). The background of safety, From safety to superego: Selected papers of Joseph Sandler (pp. 1-8). London: Karnac, 1987.

________ (1976). Actualisation and object relationships. Journal of the Philadelphia Association of Psychoanalysis, 3, 59-70.

________ (1983). Reflections on some relations between psychoanalytic concepts and psychoanalytic practice. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 64, 35-45.

________ (1985). Towards a reconsideration of the psychoanalytic theory of motivation. Bulletin of the Anna Freud Centre, 8, 223-243.

________ (1987a). The concept of projective identification. In J.Sandler (Ed.), Projection, identification, projection identification (pp. 13-26). Madison, CT: International Universities Press.

________ (1987b). Projection, identification, projective identification. London: Karnac Books.

________ & Rosenblatt, B. (1962). The representational world. In J. Sandler (Ed.), From safety to superego. Selected papers of Joseph Sandler . London: Karnac Books, 1987.

Schacter, D. L. (1992). Understanding implicit memory: A cognitive neuroscience approach. American Psychologist, 47, 559-569.

Schafer, R. (1983). The analytic attitude. New York: Basic Books.

Schur, M. (1960). Discussion of Dr. John Bowlby's paper. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 15, 63-84.

Segal, H. (1957). Notes on symbol formation,. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 38, 391-397.

Shane, M., Shane, E., & Gales, M. (1997). Intimate Attachments: Toward a New Self Psychology. New York: Guilford Press.

Spillius, E. B. (1992). Discussion of 'Aggression and the Psychological Self', London.

Spitz, R. (1945). Hospitalism: An inquiry into the genesis of psychiatric conditions in early childhood. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 1, 53-73.

________ (1965). The first year of life. New York: International University Press.

________ (1959). A genetic field theory of ego formation: Its implications for pathology. New York: International University Press.

________ (1960). Discussion of Dr. John Bowlby's paper. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 15, 85-94.

Sroufe, L. A. (1990). An organizational perspective on the self. In D.Cicchetti & M.Beeghly (Eds.), The self in transition: Infancy to childhood (pp. 281-307). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

________ (1996). Emotional development: The organization of emotional life in the early years. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Steiner, J. (1992). The equilibrium between the paranoid-schizoid and the depressive positions. In R.Anderson (Ed.), Clinical lectures on Klein and Bion (pp. 46-58). London: Routledge.

Stern, D. J. (1994). One way to build a clinically relevant baby. Infant Mental Health Journal, 15, 36-54.

Stern, D. N. (1985). The Interpersonal World of the Infant: A View from Psychoanalysis and Developmental Psychology. New York: Basic Books.

________ (in press). The process of therapeutic change involving implicit knowledge: Some implications of developmental observations for adult psychotherapy. Infant Mental Health Journal.

Tronick, E. Z. (in press). Dyadically expanded states of consciousness and the process of therapeutic change. Journal of Infant Mental Health.

Winnicott, D. W. (1953). Transitional objects and transitional phenomena. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 34, 1-9.

________ (1956). Mirror role of mother and family in child development. In D. W. Winnicott (Ed.), Playing and reality (pp. 111-118). London: Tavistock.

________ (1962). Ego integration in child development. In D.W.Winnicott (Ed.), The maturational processes and the facilitating environment (pp. 56-63). London: Hogarth Press, 1965.

________ (1965). The maturational process and the facilitating environment. London: Hogarth Press.

________ (1967). Mirror-role of the mother and family in child development. In P. Lomas (Ed.), The Predicament of the Family: A Psycho-Analytical Symposium (pp. 26-33). London: Hogarth.

Yorke, C. (1971). Some suggestions for a critique of Kleinian psychology. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 26, 129-155.



_________________________________________________________
(c) 2002 г. К.В.Ягнюк - Перевод с английского






Поделитесь с Вашими друзьями:
1   2   3


База данных защищена авторским правом ©dogmon.org 2017
обратиться к администрации

    Главная страница