Билеты для проведения государственной (итоговой) аттестации выпускников 9 классов общеобразовательных учреждений Костромской области в 2010 – 2011 учебном году содержание билеты для проведения государственной (итоговой)



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Read the text and say why the Fullwords decided to educate their children themselves at home and what took them to be successful. Say if home education will develop successfully in Russia. Speak about education in Russia.

HOME SCHOOLING”

Elaine and Roy Fullwood had no intention of educating their children themselves until things went badly wrong at school. When a new head teacher took over at the local school, the work of their eldest child, Alex, suffered and she became bored and aimless.

Despite a meeting with the head teacher and other concerned parents nothing changed. At this point Elaine and Roy decided to take Alex, aged 8, and Anna, aged 6, away from school.

A year later Elaine was concerned about whether the girls were making enough progress. «For advice, we took the girls' work to the heads of the schools where they would have been pupils. In both cases they were well ahead for their age. This reassured us that we were on the right way.»

Alex and Anna have now been at home for two years. Roy and Elaine make it quite clear that being at home is not a soft option. They put a lot of emphasis on responsibility and self-discipline. The children themselves will decide whether they want to do «O» and «A» levels. Roy and Elaine certainly won't try to influence them.



Билет № 6

    1. Read the text and answer the questions.


They came to see me off

The porter saw three men who arrived at the railway station at about half past nine in the evening. One of them came up to the porter and wondered at what time the next train was to start for London. The porter told the man that the trains for London went every hour.

The three men decided to go and have a drink. They came to the refreshment room and ordered three drinks. A minute or two after ten o`clock they approached the porter and asked him if the 10 o`clock train had gone. The answer was affirmative. Besides the porter added that the next train was due to start at 11 sharp.

The three men returned to the refreshment room for another drink. They missed the 11 o`clock train in the same way. The porter had to warn them that the next train was the last. If they missed it they would have to spend the night at the railway station.

Twelve o`clock came and the last train was just starting out when the three men came out the refreshment room running as hard as they could. Two of them managed to get into a carriage just when the train was starting off.

The third man could not run so fast and the train went on leaving him behind. The man stood at the platform watching the train disappear in the distance. The porter who saw all that was very sorry for the man.

When he came up to the man, he saw him laughing. The porter couldn’t understand why the man was laughing. He wanted to ask him a question, but at that moment the man said to the porter:

“Did you see those two boys get on the train and leave me behind?”

“Yes, I saw them”, answered the porter.

“They came to see me off,” explained the man to the porter.


Answer the following questions:

  1. Name the main characters of the story.

  2. Where did the action take place?

  3. How often did the trains for London go?

  4. * The three men managed to go to London, didn’t they?

  5. * Why did the porter feel sorry for one of the men?




    1. Read the text and say what sporting activities among teens are typical of Great Britain and Russia.. Say if young people play sports more than a century ago. Speak about sports in Russia.


Sports and games

It is estimated that most young men and about half of young women in Britain either take a passive interest in a sport or actually take part in a sporting activity on a regular basis.

Young people participate in a wide range of activities including indoor and outdoor sports such as football, rugby, cricket, swimming, squash, tennis, running, athletics, pioneering, horse-riding, archery, snooker, pool, ten-pin bowling, darts, chess, backgammon and a great many other social games. Many of these activities are organised through school or through young clubs, teams and groups are formed to compete with other schools and clubs using school and other local authority premises. Large commercial sports and leisure centres also have excellent facilities for sport and fitness development and usually offer discounted membership rates for young people.

Билет № 7


    1. Read the text and answer the questions.


TOO WELL

After O. Henry

Miss Carington was a famous actress. She began her life in a small village named Cranberry. But that was long ago. Now she was to perform the leading part in a new comedy.

A capable young actor Highsmith by name dreamt of being Miss Carington’s partner in the new play. He told it to the manager. The manager explained to the young actor that if he wanted to play the part he must persuade Miss Carington to accept him as a partner.

The young actor knew very well that it was the part of a young farmer. The next day he went to Cranberry where he stayed for three days and gathered much information about the life and the people of that small village. Then he returned to the village and went to one of the restaurants where actors usually gathered after the performance.

He saw a small party sitting at the table. The star of that party was Miss Carington.

She noticed a poorly dressed man enter the restaurant. He approached the famous actress, greeted her and told her much interesting news about her relatives and friends from Cranberry. The way he spoke made her believe every word he said. She was sure he was a farmer.

In the end he told the famous actress that her mother wanted to see her again before she died. Then he gave her a rose he picked up from a bush in front of her house in Cranberry.

Miss Carington was so touched that she couldn’t help crying. She thanked the young man and invited him to see her again at the hotel before he left the city.

The next morning the young actor dressed in the latest fashion went to the hotel. He was sure Miss Carington would agree to take him as her partner in the play if he told her everything.

To his surprise he was told that Miss Carington had left for her native village forever.

Highsmith realized that he had acted too well.
Answer the following questions:


  1. Name the main characters of the story.

  2. Did Highsmith have to play the part of a young farmer or a sailor?

  3. Why didn’t the young actor find Miss Carington at the hotel?

  4. * Why did Miss Carington leave for her native village forever?

  5. * Was Highsmith a good actor? Why?




    1. Read the text and say why classical music is considered to be great. Say if you like listening to classical music and why. What music do you prefer listening to?


ONE MORE OPINION

I love classical music. Maybe, it’s because of nine years inside the musical school; but I’ve found this music the closest to my soul. Most people of my age would think I’m a bit mad to love Strauss, Mozart, Bach in place of psychedelic rock and angry, loud punk bands. My friend often says: “It’s much easier and fun to be with the crowd.” I would agree with her… But why must I be like somebody else and not somebody else be like me?

I find classical music relaxing. As many psychologists say: Bach helps to cope with nervousness; Vivaldi is excellent to make people feel calm and satisfied. Why do many people find it to be dull? Why dull? To talk about classical music as a whole there’s many modern remakes of classics. For example, I like the way Vanessa-Mae plays.

It’s not true that I hate all modern music. I have a few pop or rock songs that I like; but I think all this music can’t be called great.



Olga Doctorova

English” newspaper



Билет № 8

    1. Read the text and answer the questions.


THE LOST RUBY

There was once a king who was always sad. Nothing could please him. He always looked on the dark side of life.

The king had a large house with a wonderful garden. An old man looked after the garden. He was always singing as he worked.

One day the king was walking in his garden when he heard the old man’s song. He asked him, “Tell me, old man,” said the king, “Why are you always so cheerful?”

The old man said:”Sadness can never enter my heart. I have locked it out.”

“Your heart is not a house! No one can escape sadness.” said the king.

The old man just smiled. The king was angry. He decided to prove that he was right, and the old gardener was wrong.

The next day the king went down into the garden again. He took a large ruby from his pocket and gave it to the old gardener. “I want you to look after it for me,” he said. ”But if you lose the ruby, you’ll lose your life.”

The old man took the ruby home and hid it under his bed. That night the king, dressed as a beggar, went to the gardener’s house and stole the ruby. He took it and threw it into the river.

The next morning the king went down into his garden, called the old man over and said,”I want you to bring the ruby to the palace in two days time. And remember, if you lose it…” The old man got home and looked under his bed. When he saw that the ruby wasn’t there he knew he had only two days to live.



Answer the questions.

  1. What is this text about?

  2. What was the old man’s job?

  3. What did the king decide to do?

  4. Why did the king go to the gardener’s house?

  5. What happened the next morning?




    1. Read the text and prove that pets are wonderful companions. Say if pets abroad are being taken good care of. Speak about your pet and the way you take care of it.

An article in the New Scientist says that cats and dogs are wonderful companions. People ask questions and complain, but pets just listen and seem to understand. They never answer back. People with loving pets don’t get so much cold and headaches. Stroking a cat or walking a dog brings your blood pressure down and makes your heart beat more slowly.

The 747 British Airways flight took off from Houston to London at its usual time. However six hours later the captain had a problem. He could see that the temperature in the hold was too high. There was a five-year-old dog called Louise in there and her life was in danger. An emergency landing would cost ₤20,000 and delay the passengers for three hours. In the end the captain told the passengers about the problem and all of them agreed to save the dog’s life. The plane went back to the USA and landed in Boston, where the dog was put on another flight.

In 1993, the British spent ₤1.6 billion on looking after their pets. Over ₤100 million of this was on animal medicine. The most common injury – a broken leg – costs from ₤300 for a cat to ₤1,000 for a dog. One company in New Zealand now gives ‘pet leave’ – if workers’ pets are ill. They can stay at home to look after them.



Билет № 9

    1. Read the text and answer the questions.

When I (Waris) was a child I lived in Somalia. We moved around from place to place to find water for animals. I looked after them and was quite happy.

When I was thirteen an old man wanted to marry me. He offered my father five camels. Camels are important in the desert, so my father said ‘yes’. I said to my father, ’I’m not going to marry him. That man needs a nurse not a wife.’

That evening I decided to run away and go to my uncle and aunt to Mogadishu. I didn’t tell my father. When I told my mother, she said, ‘You’ll be OK. Do what you want and be happy.’ It took two weeks to walk to Mogadishu. I got a job as a builder. It was hard work, but I earned money and sent food to my mother.

Then I lived with an uncle in Saudi Arabia and worked as a nanny. When I worked there I met another uncle who lived in London. I went there and looked after his children. When I was nineteen, my uncle went back to Somalia but I stayed in London. I had no visa and I didn’t speak English. I worked as a cook and cleaner and learned English quickly.

Then I met a photographer who took photographs of me for the Pirelli calendar. My next job was in a James Bond film and after that I became famous.

In 1995 I went back to Somalia for the first time in fourteen years. It took a month to find my mother. My father has another wife. One day I’m going to build a house for my mother and buy my father some camels. I want to say I’m sorry.
Questions:


  1. What is this text about?

  2. What happened when Waris was thirteen?

  3. Why did she decide to run away?

  4. How long did it take her to walk to Mogadishu?

  5. When she became famous?




    1. Read the text and prove that smoking is unhealthy. What is the consequence of smoking? Speak on healthy life style.

Don’t smoke. It looks smart in old movies, and it seems that everybody does it. But that is just a clever form of advertising. Smoking is unhealthy. It causes a cough and pneumonia. Your reactions will be slow if you smoke. Smoking makes your teeth yellow and your skin grey. You will never look healthy if you smoke.

It is unpleasant and harmful to non-smokers, too, and a serious fire risk. It is offensive in public places like cafes and schools. Any form of addiction is unhealthy, whether it is tobacco, alcohol, drugs, sugary things, or money. It may be a sign of not growing up and not being able to cope.

Do you know that the 16th of November is the day when people all over the world quit smoking?

Do you know that every year 3 million people die of smoking?

Do you know that your life is 25% shorter if you smoke?

Do you know that only 13% of the population smoke in the USA, but in Russia – more than 76%? 400,000 people die in Russia every year as a result of smoking. Imagine that a whole town like Ufa disappears every year.

In Britain smoking is now forbidden in many public places: on the underground, on stations, in shops, in theatres and in cinemas.




Билет № 10

  1. Read the text and answer the questions.

Danina Petrovska was born in 1885 in Moscow. Her father was an officer in the Litovsky Regiment, and she had four brothers. They were tall and handsome and wore uniforms, and brought her sweets when they came home to visit. The youngest of them was twelve years older than she was. And when they were at home, they sang and played with her, and made lots of noise. She loved being with them when they ran with her, and let her pretend that they were horses. It was obvious to everyone, that her brothers adored her.

Danina remembered that her mother had a lovely face and gentle ways and she sang Danina to sleep at night, after telling her long, wonderful stories about when she was a little girl herself. She used to laugh a lot, and Danina loved her. She died when Danina was five, of typhoid. And after that, everything changed in Danina’s life.

Her father had absolutely no idea what to do about her. He and his sons were in the army, so he hired a woman to take care of her, a string of them, but after two years, he knew he simply couldn’t do it anymore. He had to find another solution for Danina. And he found a perfect one. He went to St.Petersburg to make the arrangements. He was vastly impressed when he spoke to Madame Markova. She was a remarkable woman, and the ballet school and company she ran would provide not only a home for Danina but a useful life, and a future she could rely on.


Questions:

  1. What is this text about?

  2. What did they do when the brothers were at home?

  3. What did Danina remember of her mother?

  4. Where did her father go to make the arrangements?

  5. Do you like the story? Why?




  1. Read the text and say if children started to read less and why. Are you keen on reading? Who are your favourite writers? Which of their books do you like best?


THE FASCINATION OF READING.

Crispin is 16. He likes sport and he’s good at school. He likes studying languages but… he’s never read a whole book.

Crispin is only one of the young people, who, according to surveys, have never managed to go through a book from beginning to end.

Crispin and his friends aren’t stupid or ignorant. They know how to read perfectly well and they’ve read a great number of short pieces: stories, fables, cartoons and teenage magazine articles… but the pleasure of reading has never motivated them to choose a book and to read the whole of it.

Crispin’s case worries a lot of adults: parents and teachers, children’s writers and editors. The number of young people who aren’t reading is increasing. Even though they’ve got interesting books at home suitable for their age group and school libraries full of possibilities.

Why do children today read so little? There are a lot of reasons. Some say television is to blame. For others it’s the fault of schools which don’t teach children to appreciate literature and its wonders. One children’s writer says:

“At the age of 7, I read a whole book alone for the first time. For me it was a great victory. I discovered that the words and signs on the pages became a real, exciting story in my head. For me it was as good as winning a hard basketball match.”

Perhaps Crispin and his friends read so little because they’ve never really tried hard to do it.



Билет № 11

  1. Read the text and answer the questions.


NEWSPAPERS IN BRITAIN

If you get on a bus or catch a train in Britain, especially during the morning and evening "rush hour", you'll see a lot of people reading newspapers. The press tells us about various political views, interest and levels of education. Papers are usually divided into "quality" papers which are serious with long, informative articles and "popular" which have smaller size. They are less serious and contain more human interest stories than news.More daily newspapers, national and regional are sold in Great Britain than in most other developed countries. There are about 135 daily papers and Sunday papers, 2000 weekly papers and about 100 papers produced by members of ethnic groups. A lot of people buy a morning paper, an evening paper and a couple of Sunday papers. On an average day two out of three people over the age of 15 read a national morning paper, about three out of four read a Sunday paper. So it's not surprising to learn that national newspapers have a circulation of 15.8 million copies on weekdays and 19 million on Sunday Newspapers are almost always financially independent of any political party. However during general election campaigns many papers recommend their readers to vote for a particular political party. Ownership of the national London and regional daily newspapers is concentrated in the hands of large press publishing groups.


Answer the questions.

  1. What does press tell us about?

  2. What kinds of papers do you know?

  3. What circulation do national newspapers have?

  4. Who is the owner of newspapers in Britain?

  5. Is information given by newspapers always reliable?




  1. Read the text and say why British schoolchildren hate eating fruit and vegetables. What food do they prefer? What are your eating habits?


WHY DON’T BRITISH SCHOOLCHILDREN WANT TO EAT FRUIT AND VEGETABLES?

There’s nothing wrong with having a can of Coke every now and then but four cans a day is asking for trouble. Did you know that a can of Coke contain about eight teaspoons of sugar and artificial sweeteners? As a result, many modern kids suffer from such illnesses as diabetes, cancer and teeth decay. And, of course, there are more and more children who are extremely overweight or even obese.

Unfortunately school dinners play an important role in this sad situation. Often school dinners offer overcooked vegetables as the ‘healthy’ option against more appealing pizza, chips and burgers. ’My school mostly sells chips with everything you can think of – pizza and chips, chips and cheese, chips and gravy… it does of course sell some healthy things but the thing is they look extremely boring!‘ says 13-year-old Anna Smith.

In Britain, children can either choose to bring their own lunch or buy their lunch at school. Children from poor families can have free school dinners but many of them don’t take them for various reasons. Here are some of the common complaints: ’I hate my school dinners. The food is so disgusting.’

‘I never have school dinners because it’s the same food day in, day out.’ ‘Our dinners are always cold!’

Билет № 12


  1. Read the text and answer the questions.

Running a business can be stressful at any age, but when you're just 15 and have to juggle it with going to school and doing your homework, it's even more remarkable. And that's exactly what young entrepreneur, Luisa Bundy, designer of a range of soft toys called Little Bundles, has done. It all started when Luisa's mother bought her some modelling clay for her 12th birthday and she began experimenting with making small model figures based on her friends at school. The first batch went down a storm, and her friends encouraged her to make more. So she did, handing them out at Easter instead of eggs. As word spread around the school, Luisa introduced a form so she could take orders during the day and make the figures over the weekend. Her mother used to come to find piles of order forms spread out on the kitchen table. She thought Luisa was going to get into serious trouble for doing business in the playground. But teachers' names were on the order forms too.

Two years later, Luisa had made 13,000 Little Bundies. Prior to this, she had spent most weekends and holidays researching craft fairs across the south of England. At one fair she sold 250 figures in an hour at £2 a go. And she even researched the number of people that usually turned up to each fair, so she know exactly the number she needed to make for the customers there. When she noticed that the majority of customers were buying the toys as gifts she designed a range of gift cards to accompany them.

At this point, the volume of work was becoming overwhelming and she decided to seek advice from Sir Richard Branson, who had begun his Virgin empire as a teenager. On his advice she set up Bundy Creations Ltd, with her mother as director.

Last year they took on the cost of exhibiting at a craft fair in the north of England and it paid off. They were spotted by a major toy manufacturer, which quickly signed the figures to a three-year soft toy licensing deal. According to the manufacturer, they have already practically sold out.


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