LOSING IDENTITY 1. Read the text and answer the questions.
Language is a way to communicate with each other. We started to learn language when we were born. However, people are used to speaking their native language, so immigrants are having many problems between the first generation and the second generation because they don't have the same native language. Also, the second generation is losing their identity. Especially in America, there are many immigrants that came from different countries to succeed in the States. Because they suffer in lots of areas such as getting a job and trying to speak English, they want their children to speak English, not only at school, but also at home in order to be more successful. Because of this situation, their children are losing their ethnic identity and, even more, they are ignoring their parents whose English is not very good.
For example, my aunt, who has been living in Chicago for fifteen years, has three children and they were all born in the States. The eighteen year old daughter speaks English as a native language and she speaks Korean very well too. She has no problems talking with her parents, but she still doesn't understand Korean jokes, and there are sometimes misunderstandings. The second daughter is fourteen years old, and she doesn't want to speak Korean. My aunt often gets upset with her because she is very Americanized and they cannot understand each other. Even when my aunt punishes her, this daughter does not understand what my aunt is talking about. I felt sympathy for my aunt whenever my fourteen year old cousin said, "Mom, what is your problem?" The third child is a twelve year old son. He speaks English to his parents and my aunt speaks Korean to him as she does to the second daughter. He also has a problem communicating with his parents. My aunt is trying to teach him to speak both languages very well, but it is very hard for him because he speaks English all day and does not understand why he should learn to speak Korean.
I think most immigrants are trying to preserve their native language in their new country, but this doesn't help very much in getting a good job. My aunt didn't teach Korean to her children in order to help them succeed in the U.S.; she did so, hopefully, to help them establish a Korean identity. Though the second generation is born in the new country, they often get confused about their identity because they look different from others, and also, if they visit their parent's country, they will probably feel different from other people there too. My cousins told me that when they visited Korea a few years ago, they felt different from other Koreans. They could even feel it just strolling around the street because they wore different clothes and walked differently.
We must realize that language is important and valuable for many reasons. Immigrants should make an effort not to be ignored by their children and to make their children understand their heritage by teaching them the parents' language. This is very important, not only for the harmony of the family, but also in helping the second generation establish their identity.
2. Choose the correct answer. 1. Which of these statements is NOT true according to the first paragraph of the article?
a. Second generation immigrants are usually eager to learn their parents' native language.
b. It is often hard for first and second generation family members to communicate with each other.
c. Because second generation immigrant children often speak only English, they may lose their ethnic identity.
d. Sometimes second generation immigrant children ignore their parents because of language differences.
2. Which of the following is NOT true about the 18 year old daughter?
a. She was born in the U.S.
b. She speaks only English very well; her Korean is poor.
c. She gets along better with her parents than her brother and other sister do.
d. She doesn't understand Korean jokes well.
3. Which is NOT a reason that the 14 year old sister has problems with her mother?
a. She doesn't want to speak Korean.
b. She doesn't love her mother.
c. She is very Americanized.
d. She does not understand her mother when she gets punished.
4. To whom does the mother speak Korean?
a. Her oldest daughter only.
b. All of her children.
c. Her two daughters only.
d. Only to her son.
5. Why did the author's aunt try to teach her children to speak Korean?
a. To help them succeed in the U.S.
b. To help them find a good job.
c. To help them establish a Korean identity.
d. To help her improve her Korean language skills.
e. None of the above.
6. There are many reasons that second generation immigrants may get confused about their identity. Which of the following is NOT found in the article?
a. Their American friends may not see them as Korean-Americans.
b. They look different than most of their friends in the U.S.
c. If they travel to Korea they wear different clothes than the Koreans.
d. If they visit Korea, they even walk differently than the Koreans.
7. Which of the following is closest to the main idea of this article?
a. Second generation Korean-Americans walk and dress differently than their parents.
b. Many immigrant families have problems with communication.
c. The language spoken in immigrant households is often a mixture of two languages.
d. Second generation Korean immigrants often speak only English.
e. Teaching immigrant children the parents' native language helps them establish their ethnic identity.
Considering their wedding cost over $20,000 and took a year and a half to organize, you would be surprised to hear that Richard and Victoria Hammond now intend to forget it. Well, almost.
"It was a wonderful wedding, an unbelievable day," says Victoria.
1."_________________________________________________________________." Her husband, banker and amateur race driver Richard, agrees. "Both our minds are now fixed firmly on the future. I'll never forget our wedding ceremony or the reception we had at a cliff-side hotel afterwards, but there's so much we want, so many hopes. 2.__________________________________________________________________."
"At the moment, we are still living with my parents," explains Victoria, "so our first wish is to find our own place. We intend to start looking for a new house with all the modern conveniences in the suburbs in the new year."
3.________________________________________________________________. Do they intend to add to the extended Hammond family? "We plan on having two or three children ourselves," Richard tells me. "Victoria is just wonderful with children and I can get 3 years paternity leave from my work, which is just perfect."
The young couple has just returned from a two-week honeymoon spent in an authentic Scottish castle. Both the newly-weds are big travel lovers and Richard hopes this will continue. "I would like to go travelling as much as possible together. Travelling with someone else is such a sharing experience.
4.__________________________________________________________________." Victoria also has another great travel ambition that she might have to do alone. "I have always been fascinated by safari and my real wish is to go on safari. Richard has no interest in wildlife though."
And what about the marriage itself? In a world with such a high divorce rate, how do Richard and Victoria hope to avoid all the problems that beset so many other couples? Richard explains thoughtfully that "our ambition is to always talk to each other. If you stop communicating, what chance do you have?"
5.___________________________________________________________________. "I hope that we can speak about things, but also not expect everything to be easy. I think many people expect the wedding to be the end of getting to know each other.
6.__________________________________________________________________." 2.Choose the most suitable sentence from the list A – F for each part (1 – 6) of the article.
A. Both Victoria and husband Richard have a lot of siblings.
B. I think it's sad to experience all the wonderful places in the world and have no-one else there.
C. I think it's the start.
D. But we have so much we want to do together now, we are both looking to the future.
E. His wife goes along with that completely.
F. Our marriage is so much more important than the wedding.
Level B 1
EARLY DRIVING EXPERIENCES 1. Read a selection of letters from a motoring magazine.
I'd been taking lessons for a year before I passed my driving test at the age of eighteen, but my dad never gave me any help. Even after I'd passed he never let me use the car. So I used to take my dad's keys before leaving the apartment block where we lived and would run round to the car park at the back where my father left the car at night. He hardly ever used the car after getting in from work. I used to go and see my girlfriend or just drive around and then come back and leave the car in exactly the same place. One night though, I got back at around ten thirty only to find there were no parking spaces left. I suppose because I went in and told my dad the truth straight away he was quite good about it. Although he did stop my allowance for four weeks.
My most unfortunate driving experience happened ages ago, before I'd actually passed my driving test. My girlfriend's father used to let her borrow his car whenever we were going to the cinema or something. Anyway, I'd been thinking about learning to drive and I persuaded her to let me have a go. We took the car down to the beach on the sand where no one could see us and she let me take the wheel. We were having such fun that we didn't notice the tide was coming in until the car was actually swimming in the water. We had to leave the car where it was and catch the bus back to tell her dad. By the time the three of us returned, the car was almost covered in water. Needless to say, her father wasn't too pleased. The funny thing is her dad ended up selling me the car after I passed my test.
I was teaching my mum to drive and we were coming down a rather narrow road which had cars parked on both sides. Suddenly, from nowhere there was a young man on a bike coming towards us. Mum slammed the brakes on but she crashed into us, landed on the car and then rolled off. My mother and I both jumped out of the car to see if he was all right. Fortunately, he stood up and said he was OK, just a little shaken. My mum offered to give him some money for the repair of the bike, and then an old lady came along. When she saw what had happened, she began shouting at my mother, saying she must have been driving too fast and that it was a bad example to set her young daughter. Poor old mum didn't say a word and I had to explain that she was still learning to drive.
My advice about learning to drive would be to have proper lessons from a qualified instructor and never to let a friend or family member try to teach you. It's a guaranteed way to spoil a good relationship. Every Sunday, when the traffic was quieter, my father would pick me up and take me for a drive along the streets of our hometown and give me a lecture on how to drive, explaining everything he was doing and why. Eventually it was my turn to have a go. My dad was so nervous that he panicked before I'd even started up the engine. He used to shout at the slightest mistake, and when the lesson was finally over he'd come home and have a large glass of whisky to calm down.
I didn't start learning to drive until I was twenty one. I'd spent lots of money on lessons but I was a terrible driver, I must admit. The first time I took my driving test nobody expected me to pass. But after failing another four times the pressure was really on. I took my test for a sixth time and failed yet again, but I was too embarrassed to admit it to my family, so I just pretended that I'd passed after all. My family were delighted and my mother went out and bought me a car the next day. I didn't know what to do so I just got in and drove. I continued to drive – illegally – for three months. Fortunately I was never stopped by the police and the next time I took my driving test I passed.
2.Choose from the people (A – E).Write the letter next to each extract on the right. The people may be chosen more than once.
Which person (‘s)
1. had a parent who was accused of driving dangerously?
2. bought a car?
3. drove his girlfriend’s dad’s car?
4. drove alone without a license?
5. had to defend one of their parents?
6. drove the family car without permission?
7. was teaching someone to drive?
8. paid for driving lessons?
9. had no driving instruction from their father?
10. was punished for their actions?
11. was given driving lessons by a member of their family?
12. was considering taking driving lessons?
13. advises against being taught to drive by a friend or family member?
14. was given a treat for passing their test?
15. used to make their father nervous?
CHILDREN’S PLAYSCHEME 1.Read an extract from a writer's journal.
Six months ago I made a rash promise. The leader of the youth club in our village rang me in March saying, “We’re thinking of running a children’s playscheme for a day in October half-term. Would you be prepared to help?” My response was “Sure, why not?” In truth I was a little flattered to be asked, even though working as a care assistant with old people hardly qualified me for the role. Still, I duly put the date in my diary and of course I forgot all about it. I don’t know if you’ve noticed this but time has a habit of speeding along faster than a police car chasing a robber and, before I knew it, the day was dawning.
I arrived at the youth centre that morning feeling full of trepidation. There was a gang of 12 helpers including me and each pair had been allocated a particular age group. Mine was the 10 to 11 year olds. Even with the planning meeting I had attended the week before, I worried about whether I was up to the task. Why hadn’t I read through the copious lesson plans we were given beforehand? And wasn’t the average 10-year-old more interested in the latest Play Station game than making things with paper and glue?
All too quickly the children began arriving. The look of relief on parents’ faces as they handed their offspring over to us was quite comical. A handful of the children were already members of the club but the other forty five or so were from the local primary schools. Again I asked myself why I had elected to spend a day with all these ‘little monsters’ especially when I have two all of my own to contend with!
I needn’t have worried of course as it turned out to be a marvellous day. We watched entertaining DVD clips, learned ‘action’ songs, made clay pyramids, decorated biscuits, played memory games and spent some time in quiet reflection. I say ‘we’ because I rediscovered my inner child and joined in all the activities.
The particular highlight for me was the final rendition of “He’s got the whole world in his hands” in the closing part of the day. The children knew the words and actions off by heart and sang so loudly it was almost enough to bring the roof down. It’s difficult to explain those moments; only that the body tingles with the pleasure of having witnessed something so magical.
Of course there were also moments of great poignancy. I found it difficult to stop thinking of one little girl, who mentioned oh-so-casually that her mum was in hospital and would be there for a long time. It’s easy for us adults to idealise childhood and forget that some children have their own burden of anxieties and concerns. When I got home utterly exhausted, still with modelling clay under my fingernails, I reflected on what a privilege it had been.
There was one disappointment for the children and that was that the playscheme was only running for a day, and not the whole week. As I said farewell to my group, one of the children turned and said “Can we do it again in the next holiday, Miss?” My response was, “Sure, why not?”
2. Choose the correct answer. 1. When the offer of the job was made the writer
a. felt she had made a mistake to agree.
b. thought she had appropriate experience for the job.
c. believed she shouldn't have been asked.
d. gave the impression she wasn't sure about accepting the job.
2. When the day arrived the writer was surprised
a. that the day had come round so quickly.
b. because she'd forgotten to write down the date.
c. because she witnessed a car chase on the way.
d. that she woke up at dawn.
3. When the writer arrived to start her job she
a. put the children into pairs.
b. realised she should have done more preparation.
c. felt confident she could deal with 10 and 11 year olds.
d. saw the children had brought their own electronic games to play with.
4. According to the writer, the parents were
a. happy to stay with their children all day.
b. worried about children from the other schools.
c. nervous that their children might not behave themselves.
d. glad to leave their children.
5. The writer needn't have worried because
a. the children were quiet during the day.
b. the children weren't doing messy activities.
c. she had fun herself.
d. the time passed quickly.
6. The writer's best moment
a. occurred in the middle of the day.
b. took her by surprise.
c. was hard to put into words.
d. was when the day was over.
7. According to the writer, adults
a. think that being a child is a privilege.
b. sometimes forget that children have worries too.
c. are usually exhausted by bringing up their children.
d. don't have a stressful life.
8. What is the writer's attitude by the end of the day?
a. She could imagine doing the job again next time.
b. She was sad to say good bye to the children.
c. She was disappointed with the experience.
d. She hopes the playscheme will be longer in future.
THE FISHING CHAMPION 1. In the following text, four paragraphs have been removed. Mattie Jackson is 12 years old. He rides his bike around the neighborhood, plays soccer with his friends and gets good grades from Fairmount Ridge Junior High School.
When I first met Mattie, he was exchanging baseball cards with some of his pals. This is a quiet, unassuming youngster and not at all what I expected from somebody who is said to have the fishing world at his feet. He was called the "Tiger Woods of fishing" by the editor of California Fishing last month just after he won the prestigious under-16 title.
Mattie was pushed into angling by his father, John, when he was nine. He accompanied his father on numerous fishing trips so many successful tips and tricks had already been picked up by the time he tried it himself. And it seemed to come oh-so-naturally to him.
"I caught my first fish after about four minutes. My father was furious," he laughs. His father says he has a great technique, enormous patience and, most importantly, a willingness to listen and learn.
His first angling trophy was won at the age of ten. He was Californian under-12 champion the following year. He is also American under-13 champion but it is the under-16 tournament success, against much older anglers, that gives him the most satisfaction.
It's what his father calls 'Mattie's radar' and it is being used on a daily basis in rivers and lakes across the USA as he travels from one tournament to the next with his father by his side. But he has other tools of the trade and is, typically for a fisherman, pretty superstitious when it comes to his tackle.
"This lure was bought for me in England," he explains, handing me something that looks like a wasp on a hook. "I've won three tournaments using that and if I lost it, snagged it or something, I would dive in after it. And this hat." He is wearing a light blue cloth hat that he goes on to explain brings him luck.
What does the future hold for Mattie? "I intend to finish school and I want to go to college. I know it's important to get a good education. I'll always have fishing to go back to whenever I want."
And with that, we reach the lake shore and he settles down for what promises to be a fruitful evening. Instinctively, his hand reaches up and pats his faithful blue hat before returning to his rod. Just checking.
2.Choose the most suitable sentence from the list A – E for each part (1 – 4) of the text. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.