М. М. Ахрамович, С. С. Дроздова, О. В. Евдокимова, Л. М. Ушакова


Part 1 Over two hundred years ago, Adam Smith introduced some ideas which were to bring about a world revolution. If we enjoy a high standard of living



страница27/39
Дата11.05.2016
Размер4.35 Mb.
1   ...   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   ...   39
Part 1

Over two hundred years ago, Adam Smith introduced some ideas which were to bring about a world revolution. If we enjoy a high standard of living in modern society, we owe much to this Scottish economist and philosopher. If we enjoy driving in sleek motor cars, wearing fashionable shoes, or flying away to distant places for exciting holidays, we should perhaps give an occasional vote of thanks to the man who made it all possible.

What then was Adam Smith's contribution? Like so many ideas which have earth-shattering effects, his was a disarmingly simple notion. He watched workers practicing their craft of pin making. One man would heat the strip of metal, stretch it out, cut off an appropriate length, shape it, cool it and finally smooth and shine it. Smith drew attention to the advantages which could be gained if these various tasks were performed by different workers. Let one be responsible for keeping the brazier glowing and preparing the metal. Another for stretching and cutting. Another for shaping. Another for finishing. He described this technique as the Division of Labor, whereby workers perform short work-cycles, repeating the same actions again and again and again. Smith convinced the world that specialization could solve the problems of poverty and want.

What was the result? The Industrial Revolution, specialization became the order of the day. Productivity was increased to an incredible degree. For Britain, where the revolution started, there was an upsurge in prosperity which made them the richest country in the nineteenth century world. British trains and railway lines spread out like a spider's web across the world, opening up the great continents of America, Asia, Africa and Australasia. British ships built of iron and steel were used to carry the new bountiful cargoes (including human beings) from every corner of the world, to every corner of the world.

The revolution is not over. It is still with us, but now it is a worldwide phenomenon. Everywhere, factories producing large numbers of more or less identical units are in continuous production. What were called mass-production lines yesterday are called robotic production lines today. If anything, the pace of change is increasing. And if these techniques have brought us prosperity, they have also brought us a trail of misery in overcrowded towns, boring jobs and, worst of all, unemployment.
IV. Answer these questions using the active vocabulary of the text.
Why is the name of Adam Smith remembered?

What technique was he responsible for introducing?

Why was Britain the richest country in the world in the nineteenth century?

What do you understand by the term «robotic production lines»?

Why do you think some jobs might be boring?

How can we blame Adam Smith for our present overcrowded towns?

How does large-scale production cause unemployment?

8. “We owe Adam Smith a great deal”. Do you agree? What are your views?


V. Read the text Part 2 and underline advantages and disadvantages for the manufacturer with regard to each method of production.
There are three main types of production method:

Job production

In this type of production specific work is carried out for individual customers. Job production is of the one off variety and can range from a bride's wedding dress to an ocean-going liner. Job production is usually labor intensive and requires the employment of skilled labor which is able to interpret technical instructions. If supervisors are employed they will need to be technically competent. Unit costs will always tend to be high when small numbers of individually designed items are produced.



Mass production

This method of production is possible where the demand for a product is so great that the goods can be produced in a continuous flow. Motor vehicles and food processing are among the industries which resort to mass production techniques. Once set up the production lines are not easily changed and advertising is often necessary to ensure that stocks of finished goods do not pile up in the factory. Unskilled and semi-skilled workers can be used, though the modern tendency is to use computerized robots. By using these capital-intensive methods unit costs may be substantially reduced and higher output can be obtained by running the expensive machines over two or three shifts per day.



Batch production

This method falls between job and mass production. It could be described as repeated production runs in contrast to the continuous flow or mass production technique. The orders consist of a significant number of similar items. One industry which uses this technique is the furniture industry. A batch of teak tables of a particular design will be produced and followed perhaps by a batch of mahogany tables. Book printers also use this technique. Runs of books will depend on the size of the market, but the printers switch from the production of one book to the production of another at the end of each run.

Both labor and machines have to be more versatile than in the case of mass production, but less so than in the case of job production. The production manager will have to attempt to organize the runs so that they are as economically viable as possible, but the unit costs will tend to fall as the length of the run increases.
VI. Read the texts again and decide whether these statements are true (T) or

false (F).
1. Over three hundred years ago, Adam Smith introduced some ideas which were to bring about a world revolution.

2. Smith convinced the world that globalization could solve the problems of poverty and want.

3. Unit costs will always tend to be low when large numbers of individually designed items are produced.

4. Advertising is often necessary to ensure that stocks of finished goods do not pile up in the factory.

5. Higher output can be obtained by running the cheap machines over two or three shifts per day.

6. The orders consist of a significant number of similar items in mass production.

7. Both labour and machines have to be more versatile than in the case of mass production, but less so than in the case of job production.
VII. Find Russian equivalents to the following phrases in the second column.


1. standard of living

2. give an occasional vote

3. be responsible for

4. solve the problems

5. the order of the day

6. carry out

7. unit cost

8. demand for

9. resort to

10. unskilled and semi-skilled

11. capital-intensive

12.shift per day

13. production run

14. trail of misery

15. spider's web

16.draw attention to



a)след нищеты

b) уровень жизни

c)партия (изделий)

d)смена в cутки

e) капиталоёмкий

f) отдать случайный голос

g) паутина

h) решать проблемы

i) спрос на

j) квалифицированные и полуквалифицированные

k) быть ответственным за что-либо

l) прибегнуть

m) что-л. обычное, повседневное; что-л. важное в данное время

n) цена на единицу продукции

о) обратить внимание на

p) выполнять, осуществлять




VIII. Translate the following sentences using the active vocabulary from the texts.
1.Высокий уровень жизни в обществе существует благодаря достижениям в области науки и техники.

2.Он обратил внимание на ежедневную работу рабочих.

3.Начальник по производству ответственен за организацию производственного процесса.

4. Цена единицы товара поднимается с увеличением спроса на нее.

5.Мы прибегли к вынужденным мерам.

6.Иметь мобильный телефон сегодня обычное дело.


IX. Make an outline of the texts consisting of 5-8 sentences.
X. Retell the texts according to its outline.

  1. Marketing




  1. Go through the following vocabulary notes to avoid difficulties in understanding and find these words in the text.


storage сохранение

complex комплексный



objective цель

wholesaler оптовый продавец

promotion продвижение товара на рынок

competitor конкурент

charge запрашивать цену




  1. Match the words in the left column with the definitions in the right column.




1. product

2. placement

3. price

4. promotion

5. manufacturer

6. wholesaler

7. eiler

8. customer

a) the process of getting the product to the customer through the channels of distribution.

b) the communication between buyer and seller

c) the sum in money or goods for which anything is or may be bought or sold

d) something produced by effort

e) a person who sells to final consumers in smaller quantities

f) a person who sells goods in larger quantities

g)a person who buys goods

h) a person who produces goods






  1. Read the text and say what four P's imply.

Buying, selling, market research, transportation, storage, advertising - these are all parts of the complex area of business known as marketing. In simple terms, marketing means the movement of goods and services from a manufacturer to a customer in order to satisfy the customer and to achieve the company's objectives.

Marketing can be divided into four main elements that are popularly known as the four P's: product, price, placement and promotion. Each one plays a vital role in the success or failure of the marketing operation.

The product element of marketing refers to the goods or service that a company wants to sell. This often involves research and development (R&D) of a new product, research of the potential market, testing of the product to insure quality, and then introduction to the market.

A company next considers the price to charge for its product. There are three pricing options the company may take: above, with, or below the prices that its competitors are charging. For example, if the average price of a pair of women's leather shoes is $27, a company that charges $23 has priced below the market; a company that charges $27 has priced with the market; and a company that charges $33 has priced above the market. Most companies price with the market and sell their goods and services for average prices established by major producers in the industry. The producers who establish these prices are known as price leaders.

The third element of the marketing process - placement - involves getting the product to the customer through the channels of distribution. A common channel of distribution is: manufacturer – wholesaler – retailer – customer.

Wholesalers generally sell large quantities of products to a retailer and retailers usually sell smaller quantities to customers.

Finally, communication about the product takes place between buyer and seller. This communication between buyer and seller is known as promotion. There are different ways of promotion: personal selling, in a department store; through a newspaper or magazine and Internet.

The four elements of marketing – product, place, price and promotion work together to develop a successful marketing operation.
IV. Answer these questions using the active vocabulary of the text.


  1. What are the parts of marketing?

  2. What are the objectives of marketing?

  3. What are the vital elements of marketing?

  4. What does each element of marketing refer to?

  5. What are the channels of distribution?

  6. What three pricing options may the company take?

  7. What helps to develop a successful marketing operation?


V. Read the text again and decide whether these statements are true (T) or

false (F).
1. Buying, selling, market research, transportation, storage, advertising means marketing.

2. The four P's are product, price, placement and people.

3. The product element of marketing refers just to the introduction of this product to the market.

4. Three pricing options exist above, with, or below the prices.

5. Placement involves getting the product to the customer through the channels of diversification.

6. The communication between wholesaler and seller is known as promotion.


VI. Find Russian equivalents to the following phrases in the second column.


1.market research

2.in simple terms

3.achieve the objectives

4.marketing operation

5.research and development

6.charge for

7.establish the prices

8.price leaders

9.major producers

10.channels of distribution



a)главные производители

b) лидеры цен

c)каналы распределения

d) назначать цену

e) достигнуть целей

f) проще говоря

g) рыночная деятельность

h) исследование рынка

i)научно- исследовательский

j)устанавливать цены




VII. Choose the appropriate translation of the following sentences.
1. Each one plays a vital role in the success or failure of the marketing operation.

a) Каждый играет жизненную роль в успехе или неудаче операции маркетинга.

b) Каждый выполняет важную роль в успехе или провале маркетинговой деятельности.

2. A company next considers the price to charge for its product.

a) Компания затем полагает, что цена заряжаетcя для ее изделия.

b) Затем компания рассматривает, какую цену установить на свою продукцию.

3. Most companies price with the market and sell their goods and services for average prices established by major producers in the industry.

a) У большинства компаний цены с рынком и продает их товары и услуги за средние цены, установленные главными производителями в промышленности.

b) Большинство компаний устанавливают цены согласно условиям рынка, и продают свои товары и услуги по средним ценам, установленным ведущими производителями данного вида промышленности.

4. Wholesalers generally sell large quantities of a product to a retailer and retailers usually sell smaller quantities to customers.

a) Оптовые торговцы вообще продают большие количества изделия розничному продавцу, и розничные продавцы обычно продают меньшие количества клиентам.

b) Оптовые торговцы, главным образом, продают товар розничному продавцу в большем количестве, а розничные продавцы обычно продают его клиентам в меньшем количестве.


  1. Make an outline of the text consisting of 5-8 sentences.

  2. Retell the text according to its outline.

VIII. Advertising


  1. Go through the following vocabulary notes to avoid difficulties in understanding and find these words in the text.




mastery

мастерство

engage


нанимать, быть занятым

promote


способствовать продвижению товаров

inferior


низкого качества


at a discount


со скидкой


distribution


раздача, распределение

free of charge

бесплатный

advertisement

реклама

sample


образец


enclose


прилагать, вкладывать

mail

посылать почтой

commercials

рекламные передачи

trap

ловушкa

persistent

настойчивый

pool

объединять капиталы

gullible


легковерный


II. Match the words in the left column with the definitions in the right column.


1. advertising

2. discount

3. distribution

4. credit

5. commercials

a) the process of physically satisfying the demand for goods and services;

b) a commercially sponsored advertisement on radio or television;

c) the promotion of goods or services for sale through impersonal media, such as radio or television;

d) the practice of permitting a buyer to receive goods or services before payment;

e) a deduction from the full amount of a price.



III. Read the text and say who made America great.
One can buy anything in America, but it takes a great deal of mastery to sell anything there. Millions of people are engaged in promoting

Other gift notices are mоrе serious. Often I get invitations to visit car salons. My time to get there and to test-drive a new car is compensated by a gift, such as a portable radio, a beauty set, a turner's kit, etc.

Selling by catalogue is very popular. Every day you are mailed several catalogues. The most popular of them come in the form of colorful big booklets containing pictures of goods, their regular price, the price in the shop belonging to the firm, and the price of selling by mail. Big companies may also offer you credit on goods they sell.

The art of selling is for the persistent. Without persistent sellers America wouldn't be what it is now.

Commercials, especially television ones, are very expensive and not all companies can afford them. Usually the sellers of similar goods pool their funds to buy one ad. Often producers pay for ads.

Advertising expenditures in the US are comparable to the budgets of some countries. However, it is not for nothing that society undertakes such spending products (goods and services). There are millions of methods to do it. The most primitive one is to deliver goods to a shop and then wait until it is sold out. In this case the main task is to get people into the shop and make them interested in what you offer.

To attract customers, some shops organize regular sales at discount prices. This does not mean that the goods sold at a discount are of an inferior quality.

Several years in a row, taking my 20-minute lunch break, I have seen free of charge distribution of goods from cigarettes to popcorn, crackers or candies. These were samples of new goods which the producer companies wanted the customers to get acquainted with. This is one type of advertising.

Another type is showing a product in action. Once we got a call from a company selling vacuum cleaners with a suggestion that we have a look at their new model. We agreed to see it and in the evening of the same day a woman came to our place and cleaned half the house. We liked the vacuum cleaner.

Another way of advertising is the distribution of gifts. From time to time you are mailed strange notices: "Congratulations. You have won one of the following prizes.’’ Then comes a list of prizes which may include a car, a million dollars, a TV set, a camera, etc. To find out what exactly the prize is and to get it, you have to call the enclosed number: most of the mоnеу spent on the intercity сall goes to the organizers of the whole thing. You may spend $10 or more. Some of my friends called the magic number only to know they had won a оne-dollar piece out of the list. This business has nothing to do with advertising or selling it is simply a trap for the gullible.. It helps to move goods more quickly and efficiently. This means that the funds spent on the manufacturing of goods return to circulation more quickly which, in turn, accelerates economic growth.


IV. Answer the following questions using the active vocabulary of the text.
1. What is the most primitive method of promotion products?

2. What do some shops organize?

3. What kinds of advertising do you know?

4. Who can achieve the art of selling?

5. Who can afford commercials?

6. What helps to accelerate economic growth?




  1. Read the text again and decide whether these statements are true (T) or

false (F).


  1. It takes no efforts to sell anything in America.

  2. To organize regular sales at discount prices does not mean that the goods sold at a discount are of an inferior quality.

  3. The distribution of gifts is simply a trap for the gullible.

  4. Big companies may also offer you free of charge goods.

  5. Advertising expenditures in the US are comparable to the budgets of a small town.


VI. Find Russian equivalents to the following phrases in the second column.


1.be engaged in

2.attract customers

3.inferior quality

4.get acquainted with

5.enclosed number

6.intercity сall

7.portable radio

8.beauty set

9.turner's kit

10.accelerate economic growth



a)привлечь покупателей

b)косметический набор

c)междугородний звонок

d)переносное радио

e)плохого качества

f)быть вовлеченным

g)ускорять экономический рост

h)прилагаемый номер

i)познакомиться

j)токарный набор




VII. Choose the appropriate translation of the following sentences.
1. In this case the main task is to get people into the shop and make them interested in what you offer.

a) В этом случае главной задачей является привлечь людей в магазин и заинтересовать их в том, что вы предлагаете.

b) В этом случае главной задачей является получить людей в магазин и сделать их заинтересованными во что вы предлагаете.

2. These were samples of new goods which the producer companies wanted the customers to get acquainted with.

а) Это образцы новых товаров, которые производительные компании хотели покупателей познакомить.

b) Это были образцы новых товаров, с которыми компании- производители хотели бы познакомить потребителей.

3. Once we got a call from a company selling vacuum cleaners with a suggestion that we have a look at their new model.

a) Однажды нам позвонили из одной компании, продающей пылесосы, с предложением взглянуть на их новую модель.

b) Однажды мы получили звонок из компании, продающей пылесосы, с предложением, чтобы мы взглянули на их новую модель.

4. Some of my friends called the magic number only to know they had won a one-dollar piece out of the list.

a) Некоторые мои друзья позвонили по волшебному номеру только узнать, что они выиграли однодолларовый кусок из списка.

b) Некоторые из моих друзей звонили по магическому номеру только для того, чтобы узнать, что они выиграли однодолларовый товар из списка.

5. Without persistent sellers America wouldn't be what it is now.

a) Без настойчивых продавцов Америка не будет тем, чем есть сейчас.

b) Без настойчивых продавцов Америка не была бы такой, какой она является сейчас.
VIII. Make an outline of the text consisting of 5-8 sentences.
IX. Retell the text according to its outline.

REFERENCE LITERATURE
1. Adrian Wallwork. Business Options. Oxford University Press, 2001.

2. David Cotton, Sue Robbins. Business Class. Longman, 2006.

3. Leo Jones. Richard Alexander. New International Business English. Cambridge University Press, 1996.

4. Leo Jones. New Progress to First Certificate. Cambridge University Press, 1997.

5. Michael McCarty, Felicity O’Dell. English in Use. Cambridge University Press, 1994.


5.2 Материалы к практическим занятиям


      1. Вопросы к темам изучаемой тематики

1.Our University

1. When was the university founded?

2. What can you say about the infrastructure of the university?

3. Do you live in a hostel? What do you think of living in a hostel?

4. Why have you chosen the economic university?

5.Who may enter higher educational establishments?

6. Are there many institutes and universities in your country?

2. Economics in Business

1. Why is economics a vital discipline?

2. Why should nations trade?

3. What are the main reasons for taxation in most countries?

4. What would happen to standards of living in your country if all foreign trade were prohibited?

5. What is the guiding idea in economics?

6. What are the three fundamental questions that every economic society has to answer? Comment upon them.

7. In what way are economics and economy interconnected?

8. What are the three sectors of economy? In which one would you like to be engaged?

3. Business organizations

1. What is the most risky form of ownership in your opinion? Why?

2. What form of ownership seems more attractive for you? Why?

3. What structure do most organizations have?

4. What body is in charge of the whole organization? What are its functions?

5. What departments can be recognized in a company? What are they responsible for?

6. In a limited company who owns the company and who manages it?

4. Management


  1. Is management an art or a science? Is it a set of skills or something you can be born with?

  2. Why is it so important to train competent subordinates?

  3. Why are outstanding managers rather rare?

  4. Is a position of a manager a part of your career plan? Do you think you fit it well?

5. What qualities do you have and which ones should you acquire for that?
5. Marketing

  1. Is marketing necessary to get high profit? Explain why?

  2. Why is marketing research so important?

  3. Is marketing research more necessary for big companies or small firms?

  4. Is marketing equal to advertising?

  5. What are the most important principles of advertising in your opinion? Why?

  6. What should a company do before launching a product?

6. Advertising

1.Is marketing equal to advertising?

2.What are the most important principles of advertising in your opinion? Why?

3.What should a company do before launching a product?

4.Why is advertising necessary?
5.3 Материалы и задания для управляемой самостоятельной работы студентов

5.3.1Словарные слова по темам изучаемой тематики

1. Our University:

a faculty

education



факультет

образование



to enter

поступить

an establishment

учреждение, заведение

a department

отделение

geographical

географический

tutorial

практическое занятие

to attend lectures

посещать лекции

to take notes of the lectures

записывать лекции

to take an exam

сдавать экзамен

free of charge

бесплатный

miss classes

пропускать занятия

an extra - mural department

заочное отделение




    1. Economics in Business

decrease

уменьшать

exchange

обмен

distribution

распределение

sale

продажа

profit

прибыль

production

производство

expenses

затраты

share

акция

stockholder,

владелец акций

shareholder

акционер

scarce

недостаточный

inputs

затраты(на производство)

output

выпуск изделий

allocate

распределять

consumer

потребитель

labor force

рабочая сила

employment

занятие; работа

increase

увеличивать




    1. Business organizations







      debt

      долги

      assets

      активы, имущество

      distribution

      распределение

      liabilities

      денежные обязательства, задолженность

      profit

      прибыль

      production

      производство

      proprietor

      затраты

      bankruptcy

      банкротство

      enterprise

      предприятие

      shareholder

      акционер

      joint venture

      cовместное предприятие

      accountant

      бухгалтер

      sole proprietorship

      индивидуальное частное предпринимательство

      partnership

      компания, товарищество

      limited company

      компания с ограниченной ответственностью







    2. Management

integration

укрупнение

objectives

цели

staffing

кадровое обеспечение

directing

управление

hire

нанимать

guiding

управляющий

performance

исполнение

deserve

заслуживать

authority

власть

top management

высший уровень управления

supervisory

контролирующий

human resources manager

начальник отдела кадров

tool

орудие, средство

ensure

обеспечивать

integrate

объединять

establish

устанавливать

get rid of

избавиться

accomplish

выполнять

make adjustments

приспособиться

mention

упоминать

layer

уровень

middle management

средний уровень управления

chief executive officer (CEO)

главный исполнительный директор

implement

осуществлять

equipment

оборудование


5.Marketing

storage

сохранение

complex

комплексный

objective

цель

vital

жизненный

competitor

конкурент

charge

запрашивать цену

average

средний

wholesaler

оптовый торговец

promotion

продвижение товара на рынок

retailer

продавец товаров в розницу

placement

размещение

price

цена

manufacturer

производитель

сustomer

покупатель


6.Advertising

mastery

мастерство

promote

способствовать продвижению товаров

at a discount

со скидкой

free of charge

бесплатный

sample

образец

mail

посылать почтой

trap

ловушкa

pool

объединять капиталы

engage

нанимать

inferior

низкого качества

distribution

распределение

advertisement

реклама

enclose

прилагать

commercial

рекламный ролик

persistent

настойчивый

gullible

легковерный

discount

скидка

distribution

распределение


6 Раздел контроля знаний

6.1 Требования к промежуточному (текущему) контролю

1. Стартовое тестирование,

2. Два компьютерных теста,

3. Устные беседы по текстам и темам текущего контроля,

4. Письменный перевод текстов изученной тематики
6.2 Требования к зачету по дисциплине «английский язык»:

6.2.1 Содержание зачета по дисциплине «английский язык»::

после I семестра:


    1. темы, пройденные в I семестре: “Our University”, “. Economics in Business”, “Business organizations”

    2. Чтение, пересказ и беседа по тексту изученной тематики (1500 -2000 п.з.)

    3. Наличие теста по иностранному языку за 1 курс, II семестр (тест № 1) (имя существительное, число и притяжательный падеж имени существительного; личные, притяжательные, указательные и неопределенные местоимения; имя прилагательное, наречие, степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий; времена глагола (действительный залог); модальные глаголы)


6.2.2 Темы и вопросы к зачету по дисциплине «английский язык»:

1. Our University

1) When was the university founded? 1933

2) What are the main areas of studies? economics, management, law

3) How many schools does the university have? 11

4) Where are the two branches of the university situated? Bobruisk and Pinsk

2. Economics in Business

1. Why is economics a vital discipline?

2. Why should nations trade?

3. What are the main reasons for taxation in most countries?

4. What would happen to standards of living in your country if all foreign trade were prohibited?

3. Business organizations

1. What is the most risky form of ownership in your opinion? Why?

2. What form of ownership seems more attractive for you? Why?

3. What structure do most organizations have?

4. What body is in charge of the whole organization? What are its functions?

6.3 Требования к экзамену по дисциплине «Aнглийский язык»:

6.3.1 Содержание экзамена по дисциплине «английский язык»:

после II семестра:

1) Чтение и беседа по текстам изученной тематики (1500 -2000 п. з.)

2) Беседа по одной из тем, пройденных в 1-2 семестрах: 1)“ Our University”, 3)“ Economics in Business”, 3)“ Business organizations”, 4)“ Management”, 5)“ Marketing”, 6)“ Advertising”

4) Письменный экзаменационный перевод (1500 п.з.) до экзамена!

5) Тест по иностранному языку № 2, (времена и модальные глаголы в страдательном залоге; инфинитив; причастие I, II; герундий)
6.3.2 Темы и вопросы к экзамену по дисциплине «английский язык»:

1. Our University

1. When was the university founded? 1933

2. What are the main areas of studies? economics, management, law

3.How many schools does the university have? 11

4.Where are the two branches of the university situated? Bobruisk and Pinsk

2. Economics in Business

1. Why is economics a vital discipline?

2. Why should nations trade?

3. What are the main reasons for taxation in most countries?

4. What would happen to standards of living in your country if all foreign trade were prohibited?

3. Business organizations

1. What is the most risky form of ownership in your opinion? Why?

2. What form of ownership seems more attractive for you? Why?

3. What structure do most organizations have?

4. What body is in charge of the whole organization? What are its functions?

4. Management

1.Is management an art or a science? Is it a set of skills or something you can be born with?

2.Why is it so important to train competent subordinates?

3.Why are outstanding managers rather rare?

4.Is a position of a manager a part of your career plan? Do you think you fit it well?

5. Marketing

1.Is marketing necessary to get high profit? Explain why?

2.Why is marketing research so important?

3.Is marketing research more necessary for big companies or small firms?

4. What is marketing?

6. Advertising

1.Is marketing equal to advertising?

2.What are the most important principles of advertising in your opinion? Why?

3.What should a company do before launching a product?

4.Why is advertising necessary?

6.4 Материалы и рекомендации (памятки) для подготовки к контрольным мероприятиям

6.4.1 Образец текста разговорной тематики для чтения и пересказа


Каталог: bitstream -> edoc
edoc -> Учебная программа учреждения высшего образования по учебной дисциплине для специальности 1-25 81 02 «Экономика» 2014
edoc -> Вопросы к экзамену по курсу «Психология личности»
edoc -> Методические рекомендации по написанию работ
edoc -> II. Содержание дисциплины
edoc -> Тема Экономическая психология как наука
edoc -> Тематика курсовых работ по курсу «Психология труда»
edoc -> Рефератов по дисциплине «Психология рекламы»
edoc -> Вопросы к экзамену по дисциплине «Психология рекламы»
edoc -> Дифференциальная психология


Поделитесь с Вашими друзьями:
1   ...   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   ...   39


База данных защищена авторским правом ©dogmon.org 2019
обратиться к администрации

    Главная страница