What types of music do you know? Which of them appeal to you?
What do you think of music fans and fan-clubs?
In what ways can music be advantageous?
Have you ever been to a concert? What were your impressions?
Music in the USA, Great Britain and Russia The history of popular music in the United States in the 1970s and 80s is basically that of rock music which has grown to include hundreds of musical styles. New styles such as folk, salsa, new wave, funk, reggae, heavy metal, acid rock, punk rock, rap, hip hop, acid jazz and world music have developed. Country rock, a fusion of country and western and rock 'n' roll, grew popular in the 1970s. A blend of rhythm and blues and gospel music came to be known as soul. Rap developed in the mid-1970s among African-American and Hispanic performers in New York City. It generally consists of chanted, often improvised, street poetry usually accompanied by disco or funk music. The 1990s saw the birth of alternative music or grunge. Techno, a style of dance music that gained popularity in the 1990s, combines computer-generated, disco-like rhythms with digitalsamples.
In contemporary music, there is a strong crossover phenomenon. The trend is not towards one big homogeneous style, but rather an interesting meeting of different influences in projects here and there. Musicians have become much more globally aware of other kinds of music. A whole genre called "world music", a sort of mix of ethnic music adapted to modern western styles, has developed. It includes any ethnic music that isn't big enough to have its own category. Two genres, in particular, have exerted an extraordinary hold for the past two decades or so -- rap and its close cousin, hip-hop. Hip-hop uses many of the same features, but it is a more dance-driven, rather than message-driven, phenomenon. Both styles have African-American roots, but have been quickly embraced by white performers and can be encountered today just about everywhere and in just about any circumstance.
As for Great Britain, this country has produced more popular music stars than any other country. Over the last 30 years rock and pop music have been very popular in Britain. The Beatles, with their style of singing, eloquent and exciting, is still one of the most popular groups. British groups often set new trends in music. New styles, groups and singers continue to appear. Some of the more recent pop groups are Dire Straits, Eurhythmics and Spice Girls. Many of the new bands have been able to use the changes in technology to develop their music. Computerised drum machines, synthesisers and other electronic instruments are now just as popular as the piano and electric guitars.
Since Soviet rule came to its end in Russia, the country has gone on to embrace a wide selection of modern music genres. From rock to metal all the way to electronic and ska punk, Russia's modern music is as varied as its people. New bands and music artists continue to come out of Russia and are enjoyed the world over. Rock and Roll first came to Russia during the 1960s. Rock bands began emerging in the Soviet Union. Officials at the time viewed rock music as coming from the evil West. Following some rock-groups which began this style in Rissia, a number of other Russian rock bands emerged. Mumiy Troll brought a more Western sound to rock during the 1990s. The youth of Russia became interested in energetic music with less lyrics, called rockapops. Bands such as Zemfira, Zveri and Multfilmi gained recognition.
As for popular music, its area in Russia is rather vast. Some singers and bands have survived the Soviet era and acquired a completely new sound, those like Sofia Rotaru, Alla Pugacheva, Valeriy Leontyev and the like are still popular with both, young and adult people, they are considered to be old stagers. There are also bands and solo singers who became popular over the past 10 years, e.g. Phillip Kirkorov, Valeriy Meladze, Valeria, Vitas, some of them have extraordinary voices and others make good music full of melody. And finally there are many young performers who appear every now and then after some song contests, like song contest "New Wave" in Jurmala, Eurovision song Contest. TV shows like “Narodniy Artist” or “Music Factory” also staff Russian pop scene with new pop icons. Among the new and talented representatives of the Russian pop music there are Dima Bilan (whom Russia prides on after his brilliant performance at the Eurovision Song Contest in 2006), Alexander Panayotov, Alexey Goman, Stas Pjekha, Irina Dubtsova, Gluck’oza and many more. There are also different girls- and boys bands, like Via-Gra, Tutsi, Chelsea, Tchay Vdvoyom, A-Sortie, Korni and many more. They are definitely popular otherwise they would not be a part of our pop music.
Glossary fusion, n - when two or more things join or are combined
blend, n - a mixture of different things or styles
gospel, n - a style of religious music originally performed by black Americans
Hispanic, adj – Spanish speaking population; connected with Spain or Spanish-speaking countries, especially those countries in Latin America
chanted, adj - a word or phrase that is repeated many times
digital, adj - describes information, music, an image, etc. that is recorded or broadcast using computer technology
sample, n - a small part of a song which has been recorded and used to make a new piece of music
crossover, n - the process or result of changing from one activity or style to another
homogeneous, adj - consisting of parts or people which are similar to each other or are of the same type
exert, v - to use something such as authority, power, influence, etc. in order to make something happen
feature, n - a typical quality or an important part of something
encounter, v - to experience, especially something unpleasant
eloquent, adj - giving a clear, strong message
set, v – here – start
drum, n - a musical instrument, especially one made from a skin stretched over the end of a hollow tube or bowl, played by hitting with the hand or a stick
emerge, v - to appear by coming out of something or out from behind something
recognition, n - an acceptance that something is excellent
acquire, v - to obtain something
staff, v- to take in as employees
Enumerate all the music styles which existed in the USA by 1970.
What is soul?
What is rap?
When was Techno-style popular? Can you remember any bands performing within this style?
What are the trends of contemporary music?
How do you understand the term "world music"?
What are the main hip-hop features?
What are the most popular music styles in Britain? Name some bands bands solo singers who come from Britain.
When did Rock’n’Roll come to Russia? Was it welcomed by the official? Why do you think it happened?
Name some alternative bands popular in Russia in the 90s.
How do talented singers get on stage in Russia, what is the recent trend?
What do you think about Daghestani pop music?
Do you think different song contests should exist? Why? Do you watch them?
What is important for you in a singer?
What makes a good song?
Fill in the table providing the names of the bands and solo performers for each category and country
Comment (agree or disagree, say why) upon the following quotations by famous people:
I don't know anything about music. In my line you don't have to.
*Elvis Presley (an American singer, musician and actor)
Music is essentially useless, as life is.
*George Santayana (a philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist)
Music is the only language in which you cannot say a mean or sarcastic thing.
*John Erskine (US author & educator)
Take a music bath once or twice a week for a few seasons, and you will find that it is to the soul what the water bath is to the body.
*Oliver Wendell Holmes (an American poet of the 19th century)
Make your own Top Ten list including the best foreign singers and groups and the best of Russia's singers and groups:
TOP TEN CHART
Foreign (indicate the country)
LINKING DEVICES TO AGREE / DISAGREE
TO AGREE USE THE FOLLOWING:
I'm exactly of the same opinion.
That's quite right.
I can't help thinking the same.
I absolutely agree.
TO DISAGREE USE THE FOLLOWING:
As a matter of fact, I don't agree.
I'm not sure, in fact.
I'm not at all convinced.
I'm afraid I entirely disagree with ...
I don't think that's right.
I can't say I share your view.
That's not my way of looking at it.
TO SAY YOU PARTLY AGREE USE THE FOLLOWING:
I agree with you up to a point/ in a sense/ in a way, but ...
I see what you mean, but ...
There's some truth in what you say. However, ...
I agree with much of what you say, but ...
To a certain extent, yes, but...
That may be true, but on the other hand ...
That's all very well, but ...
I agree in principle, but...
There's much in what you say, but ...
In spite of what you say, I think ...
That's one way of looking at it, but ...
I think it goes further than that.
Well, I wouldn't say that exactly.
Yes, but another way of looking at it would be (to say) that...
OK, but ...
TO INTRODUCE YOUR OPINION USE THE FOLLOWING:
I think ...
It seems to me ...
(Personally,) I believe ...
From my point of view / viewpoint...
(Personally,) I feel ...
As far as I'm concerned, ...
In my view/opinion ...
As I see it, ...
For all I know, ...
As far as I can see, ...
To my knowledge,...
I guess ...
At my best guess, ...
To my way of thinking, ...
TO CHECK THAT YOU'VE BEEN UNDERSTOOD USE THE FOLLOWING:
Do you see what I mean?
I hope that's clear?
That's clear, isn't it?
Does it seem to make sense?
..., if you see what I mean.
Are you with me?
Do you see? Right?
OK? Get it? /Got it?
Am I making myself clear?
Is that reasonably clear?
TO SAY SOMETHING IS NOT CORRECT USE THE FOLLOWING:
Sorry, that's not right.
I'm afraid you are not quite right.
I'm not sure you're right about...
I'm sorry, but you must be mistaken.
Nothing of the kind.
I might have misunderstood you, but ...
You must have missed the point.
No, that's all wrong.
Far from it.
English – RUSSIAN LESSONS’ vocabulary list
acidrain – кислотный дождь
acquire, v – приобретать, приобрести
acute, adj – острый, сильный
admire, v – восхищаться
admissible, adj – допустимый, приемлемый
adolescence, n – юность, переходный возраст
adult, n –взрослый, совершеннолетний, зрелый человек
affect, v – влиять
animated cartoon - мультипликация
annual, adj – ежегодный
anxious, adj – обеспокоенный
appearance, n – внешность
appropriate, adj – подходящий, соответствующий
aquiline, adj – орлиный
attempt, v – пытаться, пробовать, делать попытку
attract, v – привлекать
bald, adj – лысый
band, n– музыкальная группа
berth, n – койка, спальное место (в ж.-д. вагоне, самолете, на пароходе и т. п.)
black-and-white, adj – чёрно-белый
blend, n – смесь
boarding schools – пансион, закрытое учебное заведение, школа - интернат
bony, adj – костлявый
book tickets in advance – заказывать билеты заранее, бронировать
booking office – касса, где можно заказать билет заранее
brand new places – совершенно незнакомые места
bucket, n – бадья, ведро
cameraman, n – кинооператор
camping, n – кемпинг, лагерь для автотуристов
cap, n – шлем, каска, шапка, головной убор- зд. шапки южного и северного полюсов
carbon dioxide – углекислота, углекислый газ
caricature, n – карикатура
carriage, n – вагон
cater, v – обслуживать зрителя, обслуживать посетителя, (for) принимать во внимание (что-либо), (for) удовлетворять (требования)
cease, v – переставать, прекращать, приостанавливать
recognition, n – признание, одобрение, официальное признание
reconciliation, n – примирение
refreshments, n, pl – закуска, освежающие напитки
remarkable, adj – замечательный, удивительный
remotest places – самые дальние, далекие, отдаленные (во времени и пространстве) места
reradiate, v – излучать
resemble, v – напоминать, походить, иметь сходство
restrain, v – обуздывать, обуздать
retain, v – удерживать, сохранять
ribbon, n – лента, узкая полоска
ruddy, adj – красный, румяный
sacred, adj – священный, святой
sample, n – сэмпл ( небольшой звуковой фрагмент, вырезанный из записи - например, из существующего музыкального произведения, - используемый для создания новых звучаний или новых музыкальных произведений)
scarce, adj – редкий, редко встречающийся, дефицитный, скудный
scenario, n – сценарий, предположительное развитие событий
screen-version, n – экранизация
scriptwriter, n – сценарист
secular, adj – мирской, светский
senior school – старшие классы ( средней школы )
set, v – зд. начать
shapely, adj – хорошо сложенный, стройный, приятной формы
shortage, n – нехватка, недостаток, дефицит
shuffle, v – шаркать (ногами)
significantly, adv – многозначительно
single-sex – раздельное обучение
slender, adj – стройный
slump, adj – покатый
snub, adj – вздёрнутый, курносый
solar, adj – солнечный
sovereignty, n - верховная власть, суверенное государство, суверенитет